Actress of film and American television, born on August 6, 1911 in Celeron (Jamestown, NY) and died on April 26, 1989 in Los Angeles (California), whose full name was Lucille Desirée Ball.
His father, installer of telephone lines, died when he/she was four years old; He/She lived with his pianist mother and brother at home of his grandparents in Jamestown. Only fifteen years he/she studied acting with John Murray Anderson and Robert Milton in New York. He/She made his debut as a chorus girl on the Broadway stage in 1927 and Rio Rita toured the United States with work. He/She worked occasionally as a model for the Hattie Carnegie in New York agency with the name of Diane Belmont.
His appearance in an ad campaign as the Chesterfield girl led to his film debut with a small role on Broadway Through a Keyhole (1933) by Lowell Sherman. It was chosen to be one of the Goldwyn Girls filmed in California scandals Roman (1933), Frank Tuttle, conceived especially for the brilliance of comedian Eddie Cantor and shortly after he/she was hired by Columbia Pictures in 1934. In just two years in the study developed an activity continued to appear in twenty productions. In 1935, he/she moved to RKO, where he/she received classes of interpretation of Lela McMath, mother of Ginger Rogers, one of the stars of the study. In his early films, he/she played small supporting roles and appeared in some films such as top hat (1935), one of the best musicals of the couple formed by Rogers and Fred Astaire. Ladies of the theater (1937), the emblematic film director Gregory La Cava in which played a know-all actress, was an example of the style of his early work, always in the shadow of Ginger Rogers.
At the end of the 1930s RKO promoted his career with roles actors in productions of series B, mostly musicals and comedies. Among the best of these years powerfully highlighted his portrayal of ballerina Bubbles in Dance, Girl, Dance (1940), of Dorothy Arzner, where Ball offered one of his larger works in the cinema and deployed all its energy in contrast to a demure Maureen O'Hara, ballet dancer. His role in the film reflected her situation in life, a girl who tries to succeed in the difficult world of the show. During the filming of Too Many Girls (1940), by George Abott, met the Cuban musician Desi Arnaz, who he/she married on November 30, 1940. Orson Welles was set at her for the role of Susan Kane in his directorial debut, the legendary Citizen Kane (1940), but the RKO refused. In its attempt to move away from typecasting he/she starred opposite Henry Fonda melodrama their last dance (1942) by Irving Reis. In 1943 he/she left the RKO and signed by Metro Goldwyn Mayer, where starred in some films of little interest that squandering his talent for comedy. Among the best of their productions in the Metro emphasized its occurrence in Ziegfeld Follies (1946), of Vincente Minnelli. In 1946 he/she left Metro and negotiated as free-lance his following films.
Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz founded his own company, Desilu Productions, which produced for the CBS series TV I love Lucy in 1951. Their success exceeded all expectations and in a short time the program became the most-watched American television. Lucille Ball gave birth to a housewife crazy, prone to accidents, and desperate to enter the world of the show, and wife of a famous conductor played by the own Desi Arnaz. His enormous talent for physical comedy and chaplinesca over the six years that the series remained on display made it one of the biggest stars of American television. The impact of I love Lucy was so enormous that it changed the way of doing television and introduced new concepts as the realization with three cameras, which adopted from then all the so-called "sitcoms", creating at the same time, a style and a genre (see TV: genera). Desilu Productions became one of the major producers of television programs; among his most well known series include Our Miss Brooks, The Ann Sothern Show and the untouchables. In 1957 he/she left issue is I love Lucy and Ball bought the RKO, the Studio where he/she and Arnaz were hired. It thus became the first woman who directed a major study.
In 1960, Ball and Arnaz were separated after nearly ten years of marriage and two children, Luci Desireé and Desi Jr. That same year he/she debuted as actor on Broadway with the Wildcats work, but due to its frenetic pace of work collapsed on stage and had to retire four months. At the end of 1961 he/she married comedian Gary Morton. In 1962 he/she bought the part of Desi Arnaz Desilu Productions and returned to television with the series The Lucy Show, which starred in and produced between 1962 and 1966. In 1968 he/she sold Desilu Productions to Paramount and devoted himself exclusively to a new series, Here completo de Lucy. With both repeated success and adapted his character to his new personal situation, a divorcee who tries to open the way in the world of business and care for their children. For more than twelve years it stood as one of the most popular characters in the history of television, a myth of the small screen. At the end of the 1970s he/she reduced his professional activity and withdrew almost entirely from the world of the spectacle; It only appeared occasionally in TV series and programs. On April 26, 1989, he/she died in Los Angeles of a heart attack.
1933: broadway Through a Keyhole; Roman scandals; The Bowery; Broadway by dentro.1934: Moulin Rouge; Conquered Hollywood; The trickster of Florence; Perfectly Mismated; Kid Millions; Men of the Night; Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back; Strictly confidential; Three Little Pigskins; The Lady of the boulevard; Jealousy; Hold That Girl; Fugitive Lady.1935: His Old Flame; Carnival; Passport to fame; Roberta; I'll Love You Always; Old Man rhythm; Top hat; The Three Musketeers; I Dream Too Much.1936: follow the fleet; The Farmer in the Dell; Bunker Bean; One Live Ghost; Under the bridge; That Girl from Paris; So and Sew; Dummy Ache; Chatterbox.1937: Don't Tell the Wife; Ladies of the theater; Hitting a New High.1938: Having a Wonderful Time; The Affairs of Annabel; The hotel of the trouble; Annabel Takes a Tour; The Next Time I Marry; The pleasure of living; Go Chase Yourself.1939: Beauty for the Asking; Twelve Crowded Hours; They returned five; That completo Right, You're Wrong; Panama Lady.1940: The Marines Fly High; Cheerful people; Dance, Girl, Dance; Too Many Girls.1941: A Girl, a Guy and a Gob; Look Who's Laughing.1942: his last dance; The Valley of the Sun; Seven Day's Leave.1943: Best Foot Forward; Du Barry Was a Lady; Thousands Cheer.1944: Meet the People.1945: without love; Abbott and Costello in Hollywood.1946: Ziegfeld Follies; Easy to Wed; Two Smart People; I love my wife; Wrapped in the sombra.1947: killer poet; Her Husband's Affairs. 1949: Sorrowful Jones; Miss Grant Takes Richmond; Easy Living.1950: A Woman of Distinction; The King of the West; The troubles of Sally.1951: magica.1954 carpet: The Long, Long Trailer.1956: Forever Darling.1960: The Facts of Life.1963: Critic completo Choice.1967: Guide for man casado.1968: yours, mine, and nuestros.1974: to all women.