Biography of Hugo Ballivián Rojas (1901-1993)

Military boliviano, born in La Paz on July 7, 1901 and died on July 15, 1993. He/She was head of the military Government Junta between 1951 and 1952.

Career diplomat and military by profession, with the rank of Colonel, was commander of the military school of the army. He/She assumed governmental power given by Vice President Mamerto Urriolagoitia on May 16, 1951; on May 6, 1951 general election had given Víctor Paz Estensoro simple majority, relying on the support of the Indian population, Tin miners and the Nazis. Ten days later, to avoid having to hand over power to the winner of the elections Urriolagoitia gave the Government a military junta headed by Hugo Ballivián. During their short stay in the Government he/she only made administrative tasks. The most important event during his time in power was the return to La Paz from the remains of the Patriot Eduardo Abaroa, who were in the Bolivian territories usurped by Chile and which were received in apotheosis way. Hugo Ballivián was deposed on April 11, 1952 in a revolution led by Hernán Siles Zuazo, but directed by Víctor Paz Estensoro. The Bolivian national revolution of 1952 was a breakthrough in the distribution of land, the guarantee of universal suffrage and the improvement of the legal status of Indians.


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S. KIEIN, H. Bolivia. The evolution of a multi-ethnic Society. New York, 1982.