Biography of Antonio Banfi (1886-1957)

Philosopher and historian of philosophy, Italian, was Professor of history of philosophy at the University of Milan, his hometown. His thinking was formed under the influence of very different currents, which allowed it to keep an independent and critical attitude. It is worthwhile you have contributed greatly to meet in Italy to the thinkers of the Marburg school and Husserl and Scheler, among others.

His criticism led him to join the political and philosophical proposal of Marxism. His philosophy is rational type, in which the reason is not a principle of rigidly preset categories, but rather a critico-universalizante function, on the one hand directed to overcome the partial knowledge and integrate them in more gnoseológicas structures, and on the other, to denounce and reject any dogmatic generalization. From these assumptions, Banfi outlined a plan of philosophy of culture in its different levels. In economic terms, antithesis between the particular individual and the particular reality; in the legal, antithesis between the forces of partial and individual concentration and basic unit of society; in the moral, antithesis between personality and sociability; in the educational, antithesis of the individual soul with the world of experience and culture, etc. Banfi not believed in the value positive of the religion, that thought that responded to a demand of evasion rather than of responsibility.

His main works are: philosophy e la vita spirituale (1922), Principi di a theory della ragione (1926), L'UOMO Copernican (1950), Sommario di storia della pedagogy (1964).