Biography of Enrico Barone (1859-1924)

Military and Italian Economist, born in Naples on December 22, 1859, and died in Rome on May 14, 1924.

Military career (reached in 1903 the rank of Colonel), Barone was interested with little more than twenty years in history military, which led him to publish several books on the issue and to establish a magazine (the preparazione, 1908), as well as an Association for officers (1920). At the same time, he carried out numerous studies on (the largest economy, principles of political economy, 1908) and has taught at the Institute of economic sciences of Rome.

Enrico Barone was the son of Giovanni and Carolina de Ligouri. He studied in the della Nunziatella College and then entered the Military Academy (October, 1875). In 1880 he was Lieutenant, and Captain Estado Mayor in 1886. From this period date his first studies on the army: Come operino i grandi eserciti (they operate large armies, 1882) and several articles in Rivista militare (military magazine). In 1894 he reached the grade of major, and began to teach history military in the Scuola Superiore di Guerra (Superior School of war) of Turin.

Almost simultaneously he became interested in economic studies, after meeting Italian economists Maffeo Pantaleoni and Vilfredo Pareto; between 1894 and 1896, he published some articles in Giornale degli Economisti (newspaper of economists) and Riforma sociale (social reform). He did not abandon his military studies and wrote those years much of his work on military issues. His method of historical research was the "successive approximation", which also employed in its economic studies. Although an admirer of Hippolyte Taine, paid greater attention to Karl von Clausewitz and Colmar von Goltz, military historians. Returned to the General staff in June 1902 and from December of that year was devoted to the teaching of the subject of political economy.

In 1903 he was promoted to Colonel, grade that took until his resignation in may 1906 by differences with general T. Saletta, Chief of the General staff, on the defensive system on the eastern borders. He returned to economic studies, co-directed the Popolo Romano (Roman town) daily until 1907 and taught at the Istituto superiore di studi commerciali (higher Institute of commercial studies) of Rome - where he held the position of director - during the 1908-1909. He also founded and the trisemanario military directed that year La Preparazione (layout).

Barone held the previous position until December 1910, when he began teaching political economy and Economics in the Roman centre. In 1911 went to the Istituto di scienze politiche e coloniali (colonial and Political Sciences Institute), where he was Professor of colonial economy, economy of transport and industrial economy. At the same time collaborated in newspapers and magazines such as Corriere della Sera (evening mail) and Giornale d' Italy (newspaper of Italy), among others.

Thus, it developed a new conception of economic theory, monopolies and the possibility of balancing production in collectivist economies. Importance within the Italian economic thought, it also had some international resonance, so translated some of his writings to the English, the French and the Spanish. In July 1920 he founded an Association for official, that between November this year and July 1921 published eight issues of an own magazine, L'ufficiale Italian (Italian officer); Although the Ministry of war forbade officers to participate, the Association had about 7,000 members in June 1921. In the last years of his life he also wrote some scripts for emerging cinematography.

Main works

Come operino i grandi eserciti (operate the large armies, 1882); Arte militare (military art, 2 posthumous volumes, 1928-1929); Le istituzioni militari e le condizioni sociali-political: prolusione (military institutions and socio-political conditions: prolegomena, 1898); 1814 in France (1898); 1813 in Germania (2 vols., 1900); 1866 in Bohemia (1900); Storia Générale: le tre rivoluzioni europee (general history: the three European revolutions, 1902); Principi di Economics (principles of political economy, 1908); Minister della Produzione nello Stato collettivista (production in the collectivist State Administration), in Giornale degli Economisti, s.2, XXXVII (1908) 267-293 and 391-414; Storia delle quistioni contemporanee (history of contemporary issues, 1912); Economy coloniale (colonial economy, 1912); Lezioni di economy finanziaria (lessons in financial economics, 1912); The war (1914); The storia militare della nostra fine war to Caporetto (military history from our war at Caporetto, 1919); Moneta e risparmio (currency and savings, 1920).


BARONE, e. principles of economics policy. (Madrid, Ed. Journal of private law: 1942).

Dizionario biografico degli italiani. Vol. 6. (Rome, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana: 1960-1998).

Martinez, g. "L ' esame della storia secondo Enrico Barone", in Rivista militare italiana, XLVIII (1903), 2132-2148.

SPINEDI, f. "Necrologio: Enrico Barone", in Annuario degli Istituto Superiore di Studi Commerciale di Roma, 1922 / 23/1925 / 26, pp. 209-218.

SPINEDI, f. "Di nello studio della scienza economica method (Per morte di Enrico Barone)", in Riv. intern. di scienze soc. and disciplined. ausiliarie, XXXII (1924), 193-206 and 273-284.

VECCHIO, g. of the. "L'opera scient." di Enrico Barone", Giornale degli Economisti e Rivista di Statistica, XL (1925), 573-578.