Biography of Jean Louis Barthou (1862-1934)

French politician born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie on August 25, 1862 and died on October 9, 1934 in Marseille. He/She held the posts of Prime Minister in 1913 and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the years 1917 and 1934.

He studied law in Paris and after his PhD he/she established his residence in bread. He/She practiced law from 1884, but he/she soon joined the political work. In 1889 he/she was elected to Parliament as a Deputy for Oloron, showing then as a polemicist and a great orator.

Between the years 1889 and 1993 was Minister of public works, charge he/she resigned because of an agreement of the State Council favourable to the railway companies. Subsequently, in the Cabinet Meline (29-IV-1896) was Minister of the Interior. Re-elected in the elections of 1898, 1902 and 1906, he/she appeared in the radical progressive party, since he/she supported the policy of Combes. Again he/she held the portfolio of public works in the Cabinet chaired by Sarrien (1906).

Jean Louis Barthou served as Prime Minister of France between March and December of 1913. During the first world war he/she worked energetically for the French cause. The death of his only son in combat intensified his hatred of Germany. At the end of the war he/she participated in the Treaty of Versailles, which criticized the negotiations carried out by Georges Clemenceau, on the grounds that they did not offer sufficient guarantees against future attacks and he/she advocated the dismemberment of Germany.

After serving in the Cabinet of Paul Painlevéand Aristide Briand and Raymond Poincaré, became a Senator in 1922 and was the head of the French delegation at the Conference of Genoa. The same year he/she was appointed President of the Allied Commission for repairs, since he/she served for four years. In 1926 acupo the justice portfolio, again under the direction of Poincaré.

Barthou was also a delegate of the Geneva Disarmament Conference (1932-1933) and in 1934 returned to be named Foreign Minister; Noting the growing threat of German national socialism, developed a policy to strengthen the relations of France with the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the Balkan States, in an attempt to rebuild the old system of alliances against Germany. Thanks to his strong support of the Soviet Union, he/she was admitted to the League of Nations. Barthou worked to build a system of consultation and mutual assistance among the countries of Eastern Europe that did not take place. Then began the negotiations for the treaties of mutual security between France, Soviet Union, and Czechoslovakia.

He was murdered along with King Yugoslavia Alejandro, in a bombing at Marseille during a visit of the Yugoslav monarch to France.

Jean Louis Barthou was musicologist, bibliophile and author. His first works were confined to the legal and political terrain, and among them the dinstinction des biens meubles property (1886) and L´action syndicale; the loi of 1884, résultats et de (1904), but also cultivated humanistic themes in works such as Notes de voyage (1888), Mirabeau (1913), Les amours d´un poète (1919), Le general Hugo, 1773-1828 (1926) and La vie amoureuse de Richard Wagner (1925).

JMMT.