Biography of Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)

Charles Pierre Baudelaire.

French poet, born in Paris on April 9, 1821 and died in his hometown on August 31, 1867.

He was the son of Caroline Archimbaut-Dufays and Joseph-Fançois. Caroline widow in 1827 and married new a Lieutenant-Colonel, called Jacques Aupick, who would later become general. Baudelaire grew up with a deep feeling of emotional deficiency, which caused him a trauma that dragged over a lifetime. Her stepfather was sent to Lyon and went to the inner child in the Royal College of the city; When they returned to Paris he entered the College of Louis-le-Grand, where he attended high school in 1839. He met G. Le Vavasseur and E. Prarond and began to lead irregular lives; He had intercourse with Sarah, known as Louchette, the Latin Quarter prostitute; his stepfather, worried about the licentious life that his stepson, was taking persuaded him to a trip to the India it takes place. In 1842 he settled on their own, after receiving the inheritance from his father. He made relations with a mulatto name Jeanne Duval, entering fully into the consumption of alcohol and hashish. Mother, terrified by the antics of the son, engaged in a process of interdiction and on September 21, 1844, the court appointed a notary, name Ancelle, as guardian of the Baudelaire. In 1848 he fought with the rebels, and in 1849 he met the painter Courbet. It maintained relations with the actress Marie Daubrum and Madame Sebatier. Baudelaire had a horrible agony because of paralysis, was speechless but with all faculties intact; He died in his mother's arms on August 31, 1867, and was buried in the cemetery of played, at the graveside of his stepfather, who always hated. In 1857 he delivered to Publisher Poulet Malassis manuscript from the flowers of evil; in this book were charged he and his publisher; Prosecutor Ernest Pinard said that the publication was obscene.

The flowers of evil.

The first poem published is entitled "À une Dame créole", in the journal l'artiste. Prarond said that you most of the poems that make up the flowers of evil already were written before it is published. In a magazine appeared in 1847 the Fanarlo, brief and intense lirico-autobiografica prose. In 1851 he published the essay on wine and hashish, which will form part of the volume the artificial paradises (1861). 18 poems of flowers of evil appear first in 1855. In 1856 appeared the translation of extraordinary tales, Poe; in 1858, with the title Genesis of a poem, the translation of the philosophy of the composition of Poe, first theoretical formulation of the so-called pure poetry. The second part of flowers of evil was published in 1861. At this time he wrote his mother letters full of despair and tenderness. From 1864 he wanted to be part of the Académie Française; but, depressed, tired and misunderstood, he decided to leave Paris and installed in Brussels, where he wrote little poems the spleen of Paris and the homeless, which did not include in the final edition of the flowers of evil; soon he realized that Brussels was only a caricature of the bourgeois France. He fell ill, his mother moved him to Paris and died there a month later.

Birth of pure poetry.

Baudelaire is the origin of what today is understood by modern poetry; He was a scholar of the aesthetic problems as well as a great poet; She opened the doors to the symbolism, the post-simbolismo and the experimentalism of Mallarmé; He is the author bridge between romantic poetry and the poetry of our century. Baudelaire was the first to define poetry both in theory and in practice, away from all other fields (eloquence, morality, philosophy, psychology). Everything in his poems is spell music, abstract and powerful sensuality. Poetry must be sought in the imagination: the poet is the decryptor of the universal analogy. Never let you draw your own anguish, your privacy and your desire to love; felt an outcast and a misunderstood; all this not only reflected in his poetry but the autobiographical writings and other works in prose: from the part of the aesthetic references that, under the title of the painter of modern life, defined aspects of the situation of the individual in society, to small poems in prose, that make up Paris Spleen, innovative work that served as a model to a new literary genre. The majority of the writings of Baudelaire remained unreleased when he died; the first complete edition of his works appeared in 1868-69. In these years they saw the light of aesthetic references and it was not until 1909 when publication of private diaries.