Biography of Xosé Manuel Beiras Torrado (1936-VVVV)

Spanish, politician leader historical of the Galician Nationalist block (BNG) in the autonomous Parliament and Professor of economic structure, born on April 7, 1936 in Santiago de Compostela (La Coruña). Graduated in law from the University of Santiago in 1957 and studied economics in Paris (1957-1960). During this time also he/she taught at the Faculty of law of Santiago de Compostela a course in political economy (1958). On his return to Madrid, in 1960, he/she got in touch with Professor Prados Arrarte, who was Assistant to the subject of political economy in the Faculty of law until this intervened at the Munich Congress (1963).

In Madrid, resided in the Colegio Mayor Universitario "César Carlos" and began working on his doctoral thesis structure and problems of the Galician population, which received the PhD extraordinary award and that published in 1970. In this work he/she made the first full analysis on Galician demography between 1900 and 1960.

His political activity started in 1963, year where he/she participated in the Foundation of the Galician Socialist Party (PSG), forming part of the first presentation of political and ideological principles. He/She was a member of the Executive of the PSG, where was in charge of international relations between 1964 and 1970. During these years he/she came into contact with other European Socialist groups and the Socialist movement of Catalonia, of Josep Pallach and Joan Raventós.

Between 1964 and 1965, he/she lived in England, where he/she studied at the London School of Economics. He/She then returned for a brief period to Galicia, where he/she was Professor of political economy in the Faculty of law of Santiago (1965-1966). Thanks to a scholarship from the Fundación March, between 1966 and 1967 he/she studied advanced specialization and research with François Perrou at the Institut de Sciencie Economique Aplliquee (ISEA), in Paris. Subsequently, he/she settled definitely in Galicia, dividing his time between Santiago and Vigo.

Dedicated to teaching, since its creation in 1968 he/she was Professor responsible for structure and economic institutions at the Faculty of economic sciences of Santiago. Two years later, in 1970 he/she got by opposition economic structure of this same Faculty Chair. This was acting Dean during the worker and student riots of 1972. Then, he/she returned to his position as Dean, by choice, between February 1982 and January 1984. Was also rapporteur on the development of the historic document coxunto PSG-UPG (UPG-Unión do Pobo Galego), in 1969, and the second document of ideological and programmatic principles of the PSG (1971); He/She represented his party in the Iberian Socialist Conference since 1974 and the Federation of parties Socialists of the State Spanish (FPS) in 1976.

After fourteen years of militancy in the PSG, which between 1971 and 1977 he/she was general Secretary, that last year abandoned the Socialist formation. In 1977 he/she was responsible for the direction of a research on the process of modernization of the Galician agriculture, sponsored by Barrié Foundation and the University of Montpellier.

Since the spring of 1982 he/she participated actively in the process of Constitution of the bloc nationalist Galego (BNG), whose national and permanent address was a member since then. He/She headed the candidacy of the BNG by La Coruna in the second Galician regional elections, held on November 24, 1985. He/She won the seat, the only one achieved by this party. Equal party and constituency arose in the autonomic elections of December 17, 1989; He/She renewed the Act of Deputy, in which the BNG took 5 seats. He/She was spokesman for his group in the Galician House. Despite his strong nationalist stance, it rejected the proposition of a bill on the right to self-determination of the PSG-EG, on the grounds that it didn't make sense in a House that lacked sovereignty being occupied by Spanish parties in January 1990.

Very critical towards the policy developed in Galicia by Manuel Fraga, on several occasions he/she tried to promote a motion of censure or agreement so that he/she would not come again to rule. During the III legislature (1989-1993), he/she was expelled on several occasions of the camera. In that same period he/she proposed the holding of an extraordinary plenary session on forest fires, presented an initiative of Declaration of independence for Galicia and reform of the Constitution, and voted against the proposal of Manuel Fraga on single administration.

In addition, it held a long polemic with the regional Executive, led by Fraga for the acquisition of the rights of the Xacobeo'93 marks, which charged with false public document, obstruction of Justice and misuse of funds. He/She showed his disagreement to the initiative of the people's Party, ruling in Galicia, modify the rules of procedure by hitting his seat with a shoe on March 10, 1993. Its contrary attitude during debates in the Conference and Committee on this subject cost which was expelled 15 and on 17 June 1993, respectively, as well as the sanction of one month in their parliamentary rights, which relied on July 12, 1993 before the Constitutional Court, which admitted pending the appeal on 4 November of that year.

For the third consecutive time, on 17 October 1993 headed the candidacy of the BNG by La Coruña and was a candidate for the Presidency of the regional government. As well as the renewal of the Act, his parliamentary group went to 13 members (269,000 votes, 18% of the votes). In 1995 he/she made a tour of seven days for Argentina and Uruguay. In addition to meeting with representatives of Galician centres in those countries, Beiras met with political and Union leaders, and gave several conferences, some of them in Montevideo and Belgrano (Argentina) universities. He/She returned to stand as a candidate of the BNG President of the Xunta de Galicia in the autonomous elections of 1997 and 2001. In 2003 it said his resignation to spearhead the candidacy of the bloc in the 2005 election date and the party Assembly elected successor to Senator Anxo Quintana. Beiras took the chairmanship of the Organization; charge with representation and arbitration functions. But a few weeks before the election call, scheduled for June 19, Beiras left the Presidency of the nationalist formation and resigned to become part of the lists of the BNG.

Author of a number of books and economic works, Xosé Manuel Beiras is considered one of Galician most brilliant economists of the last decades. Among his books are: the problem of development in rural Galicia (research award of the Galicia House in New York in 1966), or economic backwardness in Galicia (1972), by unha liberated Galicia and is co-author of A Galicia rural na encrucillada (1976). About his nationalist political thinking and his career, in 1989 appeared the book endless nation - conversations with Xoxé Manuel Beiras, Francisco Picallo greater and Miguel Anxo Fernán-Vello.

Together with Xosé Luis Franco large, carried out between 1958 and 1959 one of the first translations into Galician of works such as postwar European Theater: Antigone, of J. Anouilh, and Non habera war of Troia, J., Giradoux. Also, has translated into Galician letters to a German friend (1967) and Os xustos (1987), both of Albert Camus, and O tempo dun salaio (1988), of Anne Philipe.

In January 1977 he/she was appointed academic of the Real Academia Galega, but in 1985 he/she resigned from the Chair by disagreeing with this Presidency concerning the law of linguistic normalization of the Galician language. He/She has been lecturer in Spanish universities and Coimbra (1976) and Toulouse (1987). Collaborates in magazines Grail and Nosa Terra, and the voice of Galicia culture supplement.