Biography of Sebastián de Belalcázar (1480-1551)

Spanish conquistador. He/She was born in Belalcazar, Cordoba, (1480) and died in Cartagena de Indias (1551). His real surname was Moyano. In 1514 he/she obtained the title of captain for good services. He/She left the expedition to Nicaragua in 1523. He/She joined the expedition of Hernández de Córdoba and they founded several villages. In the Darien had occasion to meet Diego de Almagro and Francisco Pizarro, and joined them to conquer the Peru. He/She was sent to Piura with the position of Lieutenant Governor, subsequently organized on their own expedition of Quito, a city that had been destroyed by the general Rumiñahui Inca, and there had to deal with Indian resistance. Almagro, who came from Cuzco, soon after joined him and Quito Santiago was founded.

Belalcazar was with full powers in Quito, a city which had taken place and called San Francisco, in honor of Pizarro. He/She subsequently devoted himself to the exploration and conquest of the territory, founding cities and colonization. He/She explored the region of grass, the valleys of the Cauca and Magdalena, founding Santiago de Guayaquil, Ampudia, Popayán, Ansema Guacayo, Neiva and Santiago de Cali. He/She entered in the Savannah of Bogotá. In 1539 he/she met with Jiménez de Quesada in the vicinity of Bogota and they made their entry together in Santa Fe; shortly after, they embarked to legitimize their rights in Spain.

He returned with the title of Adelantado and Governor of Popaya. He/She founded new cities and seized Antioch. He/She had run to Jorge Robledo and his widow accused him, so he/she was sentenced to the gallows, but he/she was acquitted by an appeal that was made to the King. In 1548 he/she fought along with Núñez de Vela y Pedro de la Gasca to quell the rebellion Pizarrista. He/She died from a disease in Cartagena de Indias, when he/she tried to embark for Spain.