Russian literary critic, born in Suomenlinna (Sveaborg), near Helsinki, in 1811, and died in Petersburgo in 1848. He was a representative of the bourgeois inteliguentsia, grandson of an Orthodox priest and son of a physician. He studied at the Penza Institute, he was expelled for lack of application. In 1829 joined the University of Moscow, which also was ejected, for writing a tragedy, Dmitri Kalinin, in which the main character commits incest and fratricide, crimes that the author blamed the regime of servitude when the peasants lived.
Regular at the filosofico-politica gathering of Stankevich, to survive made translations that at the same time served to refine his style. Soon leaned towards the race's publicist. In 1834, its first large article entitled Literaturnya Mechtania, which told the story of modern Russian literature and that placed him at the forefront of criticism appeared in the journal Motva (Rumor). In 1835 he assumed the direction of the magazine Motva and another called Tleskop, which had been founded in 1831. Later in 1839 was director of the Moskovski Nabliudatel (the observer Moscow), moved to Petersburgo, and began his collaborations in Otechestvennyia Zapiski (homeland Chronicles), where his studies on the poets, Derzhavin, Lermontov, Maykov, Polezhayev, and eleven articles on Pushkinwere appearing.
In 1845 he became ill from tuberculosis, so it abandoned efforts to spend a season in southern Russia. Returning to Petersburgo, he collaborated in the journal Sovremennik (contemporary) with an article entitled a look at on the Russian literature in 1846, but for health reasons it had to move to Switzerland and return to Russia soon died.
His literary theories influenced Russian thinking of the 19th century and it is considered as the founder of the revolutionary aesthetics.