Biography of Yitzhak Ben Zvi (1884-1963)

Israeli politician, President of the Estado de Israel between 1952 and 1963, born 24 November 1884 in Poltava (Poland, currently Ukraine) and died on April 23, 1963 in Jerusalem. His birth name was Isaac Shimshelewich.

He studied at several Talmudic schools in Poland and at the University of Kiev. Activist from a young age of the Zionist movement, founded the Jewish workers movement in Ukraine. In 1905, during the anti-Semitic campaign, he/she was sent with his family to Siberia by the Russian authorities, but managed to escape, and in 1907 was established in Palestine, then under Ottoman tutelage. A year later he/she founded in Jerusalem the Jewish upper school and, together with the future Prime Minister of Israel, D. Ben-Gurion, travelled to Constantinople to enter the school of political studies. Expelled by the Turkish authorities in Palestine in 1914, was established in the United States.USA, where he/she organized the Jewish Legion, in whose ranks fought the Turks along with the British army in the first world war.

After the war, in 1920 he/she founded together with Ben-Gurion workers party (MAPAI) and the General Confederation of workers (Histadrut). In the following years he/she focused on his historical and ethnological studies of the Jewish communities, at the time who was a farmer in the vicinity of Jerusalem; He/She became a pioneer of the kibbutz, or collective farm.

Member, and later Chairman, of the Jewish National Committee, Ben-Zvi was one of the main organizers of the World Zionist movement. On December 12, 1952 he/she assumed the Presidency of the State of Israel in succession of the first President, C. Weizmann, who died Nov. 9 earlier. On 28 October 1957 and for a third party on October 30, 1962 was re-elected for a second five-year term. He/She died on April 23, 1963 and, after a month of interim of Kudish light, was elected new President z. Shazar.