Biography of Mariano Benavente (1818-1885)

Spanish physician, born in Murcia in 1818, and died in Madrid in 1885. After working in an office of pharmacy in his native town, he/she studied medicine in Madrid. He/She worked for some time as a country doctor in Villarejo de Salvanés (Madrid). In 1856 he/she returned to Madrid to enter as a doctor from the Municipal charities, and he/she was appointed to the included. He/She gained his doctorate a year later and devoted himself thereafter to Pediatrics, specialty which reached quickly great professional prestige among the society of Madrid. He/She was until his death director del Niño Jesús Hospital and included, where he/she performed a meritorious work to combat a series of deeply-rooted traditions, which resulted in a significant decline of mortality among children hosted there. From 1857 he/she collaborated regularly in the century physician. A determined fighter against polypharmacy and superstitions that prevented the proper practice of medicine is shown in its articles. He/She was director of annals of surgery and member of the Royal Academy of medicine and the Spanish society of hygiene. He/She is considered the initiator of the paediatric speciality in Spain. His son Jacinto was the famous writer awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.

Bibliography.

Sources.

"What is the best treatment of Croup?", in the century physician, 7, 1860, pp. 33-35 "inconvenient offering lactation of foundlings in the included", in the century doctor, 8, 1861, pp. 561-611 "observations on syphilis in children", in the century doctor, 11, 1864, pp. 387, 439-465."The most useful and necessary on first diarrhea of children", in Journal of diseases of children, 1, 1883, pp. 97-102.

Studies.

POLISHED, a.: "Don Mariano Benavente", in the century doctor, 32, 1885, pp. 243-245.CASTELO and SERRA, e.: "The doctor Mariano Benavente", in the century doctor, 34, 1887, pp. 257-265.CORTEZO COLLANTES, a.: "The century medical and scientific and professional developments" in the century physician, 66, 1919, pp. 313-319.garcia del real, e.: history of medicine in Spain, Madrid 1st: Reus, 1921, pp. 1006-1009 (reproduces part of the obituary speech dedicated to Benavente Antonio Espina and bonnet).