Biography of Óscar Raimundo Benavides Larrea (1876-1945)

Military and Peruvian politician born in Lima in 1876 and died in the same city in 1945.

He enlisted at a young age in the army of Peru, where he/she attained the degree of Marshal. By 1910 was one of the most important politicians in his country, which led to integrate between the perpetrators of the military coup that ended the Government of President Guillermo E. Billinghurst. On May 15, 1914, Benavides Larrea assumed the Presidency of the Governing Council formed by the military coup. From his military Presidency, tried to impose order to serious social turbulence that lived in the country, but political pressure from its adversaries made the Board to abandon the power when José Pardo and Barreda was elected President. With the second seizure of power to Brown and Barreda, on August 18, 1915, Benavides Larrea was commissioned to various European diplomatic missions, since it was believed him a dangerous man for the stability of the new Government.

Despite this, he/she returned to actively participate in Peruvian politics after the military coup that ended the long tenure (1919-1930) of President Augusto B. Leguía and Salcedo. The military government councils were succeeding, increasing the instability of the country. The populism of the general Leguía had finished resulting in an insurrection, popular, sponsored also by middle-class minorities and citizens that constituted the core voter of the newly founded APRA (American Revolutionary Popular Alliance), led by Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre. After the military coup, Benavides Larrea was the man of confidence of the military President, general Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, above all in the Suppression of the revolt of APRA in the North of the country. After the death of Sánchez Cerro in 1933, Benavides Larrea and the Junta's military Government chose to offer guarantees for free elections in Exchange for that cease hostilities. In this way, Benavides Larrea became new President of Peru, but this time constitutional President, to be elected by the Constituent Congress and sworn in on April 30, 1933. Social instability and stagnation of Peruvian imports, motivated by the severe economic crisis since the crash of 1929 American bag, were the great enemies of the Government of Benavides Larrea. On December 8, 1939 he/she was replaced as President by Manuel Prado y Ugarteche. Since then and until his death in 1945, Benavides Larrea retired full of Peruvian political life.