German writer, born in Riga in 1892 and died in Baden-Baden in 1964. After completing his studies in German literature, theology and history of art in Marburg and Berlin, he/she participated as a volunteer in World War I. In 1920 he/she began working as a journalist, first in Berlin, then near Munich and in Tyrol; in 1946 he/she moved to Zurich and in 1958 to Baden-Baden.
In 1936 Bergengruen had converted to the Catholic faith and became a determined opponent of the Nazi regime, which was always considered as a divine punishment for religious reasons (Dies irae, poems, 1945). Their ideal conservatives determined at all times the choice of his subjects and also his narrative technique, and thus, its continuous desire to present issues that could serve as a model took him to prefer the shape of the Novella of dramatic structure (as in the trilogy Der letzte Rittmeister, the last cavalry captain, 1952/54/62), a form thatno doubt, also influenced the rest of his longer novels (this is the case, for example, Der Großtyrann und das Gericht, the great tyrant and the Court, 1935).
From 1923 he/she published stories, novels, poems, travel books, autobiographical writings and books for children. He/She was also an excellent job as a translator of Russian, and wrote a short biography about E.T.A. Hoffmann (1939). But the work that characterizes his literary production is the novel Am Himmel wie auf Erden (heaven and Earth, 1940), the reflection of an extreme existential situation, model for all ages and all time, a reflection of human fears before the announcement of a flood.
During the 1960s, Bergengruen works were considered as literary canon and some such as Der spanische Rosenstock (Spanish rose, 1940) has been mandatory in schools reading until about twenty years ago. However, today the interest in his work declined considerably due perhaps both your style and your way are anchored in the literary tradition of the 19th century.