Biography of Duque de Septimania Bernardo (790-844)

Duke of Septimania and count of Barcelona the 790-born and died in the 844. It was an important ally of Louis the pious and confronted his successor Carlos Calvo.

Son of Guillermo, Duke of Toulouse, took possession of the Duchy of Septimania at seventeen and was opposed to the decision of Louis the pious appointed acted as Bishop of Mainz, trying to keep their possessions in a regional regime with respect to the Carolingian Empire. In 817 he/she entered the service of Louis the pious as Chamberlain and tutor of the future King Carlos Calvo. The emperor sent him shortly after return to his Duchy, after being accused, Bernard, of illicit with the Empress Judith intercourse, although it ceded the County of Barcelona. From Barcelona, Bernardo started expeditions against Muslims and in 822 he/she was defeated in Huesca by Abd al-Rahman II.

In 829 he/she increased his influence within the imperial court, when Louis the pious granted to Carlos alamanicos territories and Ordinatio Imperii was modified; It was the time of rise of a few lineages to the detriment of others and Bernardo and his family replaced the presence in Court of the counts Hugo and Matfrido. A year later, Bernardo fled to Barcelona, after the rising of Pepin of Aquitaine, which recovered to count Matfrido in the County of Orléans. In the interview made by Ludovico with rebels in Compiègne (830) took action against supporters of Bernard and in 832 this was stripped of its counties of Septimania and Barcelona, retiring to his possessions in Burgundy. Bernardo returned to ally himself with Louis the pious in their war against Lothair Iand recovered their States in 836, but as revenge, lothario did kill the brothers Bernard and Gaucelm and Gerber. On the death of Louis the pious (840), Bernardo pleaded against Carlos Calvo and proclaimed its adherence to Pepin of Aquitaine. After the Treaty of Verdun (843), Carlos the bald granted the Septimania, Bernard tried to become independent, but the King caused him to appear before a diet in Aquitaine and sentenced him to death (844).

Bibliography

FICHTENAU, H. The Carolingian Empire. Toronto, 1978.

ISLA FREZ, TO. The Europe of the Carolingians. Madrid, synthesis, 1993.

PERROY. Monde le carolingien. Paris, 1974.

JMMT