Composer and conductor American, born in Lawrence (mass.) on August 25, 1918 and died in New York on October 14, 1990. Son of a Rabbi, studied at the Boston Latin school, Harvard University and the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. After his stint as a student of S. Koussevitski in the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood, he became Assistant of this and successfully started his career as a conductor. It was in charge of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1958. From 1960 he worked as a Professor of music at Harvard University. His facet as composer denotes the influence of the style of Mahler, Strauss, Stravinsky and Copland.
In 1945, he premiered his ballet fancy free. It has also created three symphonies, ballets, oratorios and musicals ten. These works include: West Side Story, Candida and opera Trouble in Haiti. Also, wrote various scores for films.
On October 30, 1984 he appeared at the Teatro Real in Madrid with the Vienna Philharmonic, its unique action in Spain.
At the beginning of 1990 announced its definitive withdrawal from the scenarios due to lung cancer and other disorders, because of its great tobacco addiction. His last performance took place at Tanglewood, Massachusetts. On October 14, 1990 he died at the age of 72 years at his residence in New York. He was married to Chilean actress Felicia M. Cohn and had two sons: Alexander and Jaime.
http://www.leonardbernstein.com/ ; Web page about Leonard Bernstein.