Biography of William Henry Beveridge (1879-1963)

British Economist, born in Rangpur (India) in 1879 and died in Oxford (United Kingdom) in 1963. He/She worked in research focused on the problems of unemployment and the welfare State and, after the publication of the report Social Insurance and allied services in 1942 (later known as "Beveridge report"), was recognized as a pioneer in the development of modern Social security systems.

Son of a civil servant of the British administration in the India, was formed in the London School of Economics between 1903 and 1904. In the first decade of the 20th century already demonstrated interest in social problems, such as unemployment or the situation of the most disadvantaged classes. In 1909 he/she participated, along with Sidney and Beatrice Webb, the Commission published the "minority report", first scheme for the establishment of an organic plan of Social Security.

Between 1909 and 1916 he/she headed the Labour Exchange and in 1919 assumed the leadership of the London School of Economics. In the time in which Beveridge remained at the head of the institution, the LSE was at the forefront of research on social sciences and hosted between their classrooms economists and most prominent sociologists of the time.

After his resignation to the management of the Centre, was established in Oxford to direct the University College. In 1940, with the United Kingdom in the second world war, he/she began to conduct research for the British Government. His works, published in 1942, were baptized with the name of "Beveridge report" and served as the basis for training and extension of the system of Universal Social Security the British Labour Government's post-war implanted. Their first report, was followed by a second, published in 1944, where he/she played a role (from a Keynesian perspective) on possible ways to achieve full employment; aspect on which also gravitated British Labour program after the war.

William Beveridge was recognized for his activity with different academic degrees and obtained treatment of Knight (sir) in 1919. His works are evidence of the interest with which investigated the two subjects who devoted most of his life, the problem of unemployment and social assistance. They include Unemployment: A problem of industry (1909); Causes and cures of unemployment (1931); Prices and Wages in England from the Twelfth to the Nineteenth Century (1939); Social Insurance and Allied Services (1942), translated into Spanish as social insurance and related services; Full Employment in a Free Society (1944), which was translated as full employment in a society; The Economics of Full Employment (1944); and Report on the Methods of Social Advance (1948).

Related topics

The State of well-being.

Social Security.

Pension.