Biography of Queen of Aragón Blanca de Nápoles (¿-1310)

Queen of Aragon born date unknown and died October 14, 1310 in Barcelona. He/She was the daughter of the Kings of Naples Carlos II of Anjou the lame, and María of Hungary (daughter of the Hungarian King Stephen IV).

She married Jaime II, King of Aragon, as stipulated in the Treaty of Anagni of 1295 June between Angevins and Aragonese; Pope Boniface VIII had devised this link as a solution to the bitter clashes between the two. Previously this same Pontiff had annulled the marriage of Jaime II and Isabella of Castile because of their kinship, as Jaime II and Isabel's father, King Sancho IV of Castile, were carnal cousins. Thus, white arrived in Perpignan from Montpellier accompanied by his father, and the Pontifical legacy, the Cardinal of San Clemente, along with a retinue of Neapolitan and Provencal nobles. Then you travel with other Aragonese aristocrats continued, and met her future husband in Peralada (Girona). On October 29 of the same year was held the wedding, in the middle of large celebrations, in the Girona monastery of Vilabertran.

Of deep religiosity inspired by the doctrine of the theologian, and medicom, Arnaldo de Vilanova, used to accompany her husband in his travels (attended, for example, the interview of Tarazona in 1304 the King of Aragon and Castile and Portugal) and military campaigns (as those of Almería and Sicily, among others). He/She had some influence in some matters of State, such as the Aragonese marriage policy (and also in her Neapolitan family). It had own Chancery and generally resided at Montblanch (Tarragona), Tortosa (Tarragona) and Santes Creus (Gerona). In this latter monastery was buried according to his own will (testament of 1308), after his death in 1310 (was moved there in 1316). The chronicler Ramón Muntaner wrote on it that it was 'grace e todes boneses fontana' ('source of grace and all the benefits'), while other contemporary Aragonese scholars called it "Doña Blanca Santa peace" for having brought the end of clashes with the Angevins of Italy.

Jaime II ADA later two new couples, the first with María de Lusignan or Cyprus and the second with Elisenda de Moncada, but only with Blanca de Naples had children. They were ten, five boys and five girls: Jaime (the mayor, he/she renounced the Throne); Alfonso (successor to the Aragonese throne as Alfonso IV the benign), Ramón Berenguer, Juan (Archbishop of Toledo and Tarragona), Pedro, María de Aragon (married to the Castilian Prince Pedro and then a nun in the monastery of Sigena, Huesca), Constanza of Aragon (with Juan Manuel de Castilla), Isabel (with the Austrian Duke Federico III), Blanca (prioress of the monastery of Sigena) and Violante (wife of Felipe(, despot of Romania, then Lope de Luna, Lord of Segorbe). Upon the death of Blanca de Naples took them over Constance, natural daughter of Federico II of Sicily and widow of Juan IV Ducas, Latin Emperor of Nicaea.

Bibliography

GARCIA CASTAN, C. The Queens of Aragon. (Box de Ahorros de la Inmaculada, Zaragoza: 2000).

MARTÍNEZ FERRANDO, E. Jaime II of Aragon; his family life. (Barcelona, CSIC: 1948).

MIGUEL, F.A. Blanca d'Anjou Queen. Barcelona, Rafael Dalmau: 1975).

MIRON, B.L. The Queens of Aragon, their lives and their times. (Valencia, Prometheus: 192?).