Biography of Máximo Antonio Blasco y Jorro (1775-1804)

Spanish doctor born in Callosa de Ensarriá (Alicante) to 1775 and died in Alicante in 1804.

He studied medicine at the University of Valencia over the next decade to the implementation of the teaching plan of President Vicente Blasco (1787), who introduced in Spain, among other innovations, chemical laboratory and clinical teaching practices. During its formation assimilated, in addition, the medical system of the Scotsman John Brown, which reduced the mechanism of diseases two opposite States: the increase of "tone", produced by excess of stimuli, and its decline or "asthenia", which could be caused by default of stimuli or by exhaustion of the body before its excess. The brownismo caused a long controversy across Europe and, despite its speculative nature, exerted a significant indirect influence on the development of different medical disciplines.

After graduating in 1798, Blasco published a Specimen materiae medicae (1799) which interpreted the action of medicines as an "impulse or stimulus that affects a part of the sensitive solid", in accordance with such a system, and introduced to the opúsculo Delineatio materiae medicae juxta novi systematis Browniani principia (1800), dedicated to the application of the same to Therapeutics. In the latter year appeared also his manual principles or elements of medical material (1800), development of the Specimen by the order made by the rector, Vicente Blasco of "composing a piece that in low-volume meet the best and more usual in this industry, and that without much work instruyese enough young people to enter with disengage the exercicio of practice".

He tried to engage teachers, although he only managed to be substitute for one of the chairs "of course" and the clinic. As a result, settled in Alicante, where he died still very young, in 1804, victim of the epidemic of fever yellow this year ravaged the city.

Shortly before his death published the third version of his book, very extended and enriched from all points of view, and with something other than a compendium of medical stuff (1804) title in Barcelona. This compendium was much appreciated, which explains its reissues in Valencia (1809, 1815) and Girona (1825). J. L. Fresquet, in the Studio that gave you, is offering a rigorous and up-to-date information with an approach to the practical physician. Begins with an art of prescribing or "way of instructing the apothecary medications that must be prepared", and is then drugs, grouping them into four large classes ("stimulants", "visceral", "sedatives" and "percutaneous"), partially based on the system of Brown, to finish with a recipe.



Specimen Materiae Medicae in gratiam praxim inchoantium. (Valencia; Typis Iosephi de Orga, 1799). Delineatio materiae medicae juxta novi systematis Browniani principia. (Valencia, 1800). Principles or elements of medical terms, for the use of those who begin the practice of medicine. (Valencia; José de Orga, 1800). Compendium of medical material for the use of young doctors. (Barcelona; Francisco Isern and Oriol, 1804).


FRESQUET FEBRER, J. L. Pharmacotherapy in Spanish society of the 19th century. (Valencia, [dissertation] 1987).-"The compendium of Materia medica, Max Antonio Blasco and Jorro and the last years of the Blasco plan", in LÓPEZ PIÑERO, J.M. et al., basic medical science in the 19th century Valencia. (Valencia; Edicions Alfons el Magnànim, 1988, pp. (272-279).LÓPEZ PIÑERO, J. M. et to the. Bibliographia Medica Hispanic, 1475-1955. (Valencia; Institute of documentary studies and historical science, 1987-1997, vol. III pp. 39; Vol. IV, pp. (72-73).LÓPEZ PIÑERO, J.M. and NAVARRO BROTONS, M.L. et to the. The Valencian scientific activity of the illustration. Vol. I, (Valencia; Diputació de Valencia, 1998, pp. 91-92, 126-127).