Biography of Alessandro Blasetti (1900-1987)

Italian film director, born in Rome on July 3, 1900 and died on February 1, 1987 in the same city.

Life

Doctor in law, film critic and founder of magazines as the world of the screen in 1928 created the producer Augustus together with his friends Goffredo Alessandrini and Aldo Vergano. He made his debut as a film director with Sole at the end of the silent period. Vecchia guardia (1934) makes him the director par excellence of "ventennio nero", the Italian Fascist period. He is the author of the first sound film produced in Italy, Resurrectio. Done numerous productions of historical exaltation of the values imposed by the MussoliniGovernment, among which stand out 1860 (1934) about Garibaldi, Héctor Fieramosca (1938) about the confrontation between the French and Italians in the castle of Monreale, the Knight of the mask, set in the Kingdom of Naples, and, above all, the Iron Crown (1940), one of the big blockbusters of the era.

Creator of the first Italian film school at Santa Cecilia (Rome) becomes then one of the founders of the Centro Sperimentale di Roma cinema, one of the oldest and most prestigious film schools European. His best film of the fascist government period is four steps in the clouds, with a screenplay by Cesare Zavattini, one of the fathers of cinematic neorealism, which tells the story of a salesman of trade which compares the field with the city. In 1943 he adapts a novel of Céspedes Alba, Nessuno torna indietro. His first post-war film is a day in the life story of a group of partisans who take refuge in a convent closing fleeing from the Germans. His mastery of the historical themes takes you to please the large fresco Fabiola (1948), adaptation of the novel of Cardinal Nicholas Wiseman about the early days of Christianity, financed by the Vatican.

He returned to collaborate with Zavattini at a time in your life (1950), story that has a very clear neorrealista influence the adventures of a father in search of first communion for her daughter costume. Blassetti is one of the first in participating in the films of episodes that are trendy in the Italian cinema in the 1950s and 1960s with happened as well and our times, and directed two of the earliest examples of what would be called "comedy all'italiana", the thief, his father and the taxi driver, adaptation of a tale by Alberto Moravia, and lucky to be a woman (1955); in both films he launches the comic couple formed by Marcello Mastroianni and Sophia Loren. His latest films include the documentaries made from surveys Europa di notte (1958) on the evening shows, Io amo, your ami... (1961) about love and I, I, I... and others (1966) about selfishness. His latest film is Simón Bolívar, biography of Latin American liberator in 1969.

Filmography

Short films and documentaries

1932: Assissi.1938: caccia alla volpe nella campagna romana.1940: Napoli e le terre d'oltremare. 1947: Castel Sant' Angelo; The gemma orientale dei Papi; Il duomo di Milano.1950: Ippodromi all'alba. 1951: Quelli che soffrono.

Feature films

1928: Sole (and coguion). 1930: Nerone (and co-montaje). 1931: Resurrectio (and argument, script and Assembly); Earth mother (coguion and co-montaje). 1932: Palio (and coguion and co-montaje); The tavola dei poveri (and coguion and decorated). 1933: Il case Haller (and co-montaje). 1934: 1860 (and coguion and co-montaje); Limpiegata di papa; Vecchia guardia (and coguion). 1935: Aldebaran (and coguion and actor). 1937: the Countess mannequin (and coguion and co-montaje). 1938: Héctor Fieramosca (and coguion). 1939: Retroscena (and coguion). 1940: Knight of the mask (coguion and co-montaje); The Crown of iron (coargumento and coguion). 1941: dinner delle Beffe (and coguion). 1942: four steps in the clouds (and coguion). 1943: Nessuno torna indietro (and coguion). 1946: A day in the life (and coargumento and coguion). 1948: Fabiola (and coguion). 1950: an hour in her life (and coguion). 1952: happened (and coargumento and coguion). 1953: life is so (and coguion).1954: Our time (and coguion). 1955: the thief, his father and the taxista.1956: the fate of being a woman (and coguion). 1957: Let's talk about love (and coguion). 1958: Europa di notte (and coguion). 1961: Io amo, your ami... 1962: the Hare and the tortoise (episode of the four truths) (and screenplay). 1963: Liolà (and mounting). 1965: I, me, me... and the others (coargumento and coguion).1966: No, no, my love (and coguion). 1968: Simón Bolívar (and coguion).

Other works

1942: Quelli della montagna (supervision and screenplay). 1945: Il testimone (supervision and screenplay). 1951: beautiful (actor). 1961: La vita dificile (actor).

Bibliography

LANDLORD, Juan Carlos to the. Dictionary of Directors. (Madrid: Ediciones JC, 1992).

PASSEK, Jean-Luc et to the. Dictionary of cinema. (Librairie Larousse, 1986). Version Española de URABAYEN CASCANTE, Miguel. (Madrid: Rialp, 1991).

FPM.