Biography of Alexandr Alexándrovich Blok (1880-1921)

Russian poet, born in Petersburgo in 1880, and died in his hometown in 1921. When his parents divorced, Blok went to live with his mother, who instilled in him a great sensitivity for the arts. In his youth he befriended numerous writers and scientists. He married Mendeleyeva, lover as the theatre and books. In 1903 appeared his first poems, dedicated precisely to his wife in a magazine. In 1904, influenced by the mystical and philosophical thinking of Solovyov, he published poems of the beautiful lady, mystical and metaphysical poetry.

In 1905, following the strong spiritual crisis he suffered on the occasion of the defeat of the revolutionaries, his character was radically transformed. He then began to make fun of himself and his companions in faith. All of this was demonstrated in the play the barrack of the acrobats (1907). From now on nothing would be the same: there is also an abrupt evolution from the Symbolist tenets of his first poems, to Earth and humanized poetry of the unknown (1907). Indeed, the "beautiful lady" from its inception becomes Ghost and prostitute in "the stranger", protagonist not only a poem, but the drama of the same name.

The mask of snow (1907), is now the periphery of an Petersburgo Misty and numb, which suggests the poet distressing rhythms. Here, the tortusa poetic musicality is consecrated as a paradigm of the meliosidad which can reach the Russian verse.

Between 1909-1916, Blok composed his third volume of his poems, the terrible world, presenting as the drama the rose and the cross (1913), grotesque and macabre elements enrolled in an urban landscape of catastrophic premonitions, although at certain times it appears the Russian land with a touch of affectionate humanity.

Under the influence of the Socialist left and the mystic and revolutionary thinking of Ivanov-Razumnik, wrote of the Scythians (1918) and the twelve (1918), allegorical picture of the homeland, wrapped in a bloody revolution. The twelve are red guards who, at the end of the work, are transformed into the twelve apostles. He is the author, in addition, written several critics, among them the current situation of Russian symbolism (1910), work that helped define the Russian symbolism (although, to some extent, overcome current Bliss became).