Biography of John Blow (1649-1708)

Composer, organist, and British Professor, main court after Henry Purcellcomposer. He/She was born in Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, 23 February 1649, and died 1 October 1708 in Westminster, London.

He is known primarily for his religious music and for his Venus and Adonis, which was recognized as the first true English opera. He/She was probably educated in the school of singing Magnus of Nottinghamshire, and in 1660, after the restoration of the Royal Chapel, moved to London to be part of the choir of the same.

In 1668 he/she was appointed organist of Westminster Abbey. A year later, it became part of the court musicians. Later he/she simultanesus the post of organist of the Abbey with the Royal Chapel and St Paul's Cathedral. In March 1674 he/she was appointed gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and became Master of children, a title he/she retained until his death. In 1676 he/she was appointed organist of the Chapel Royal, and in 1677 the dean of Canterbury conferred the title of Doctor of music. In 1679 he/she was replaced as organist of Westminster Abbey by Purcell, although he/she was re-elected after the death, in 1695. Between 1680 and 1700, Blow lived the years most prosperous and productive career; in 1687 he/she became Master of the children in St. Paul, a post in which he/she was for 16 years; their position in official positions led him to write large amount of church music and secular ceremonies. Followers of Carlos II and Jaime II, in 1700 was awarded the position of composer of the Royal Chapel. He/She wrote primarily for classroom celebrations, like odes to the birthday of the monarchs and anthems for the coronation. His songs and pieces for key appeared in many publications of the time, and it had great influence on the Showgirls who were under his tutelage and, in particular, about its student Henry Purcell.

His only play, the opera Venus and Adonis, is a piece of considerable quality; He/She composed between 1680 and 1685, by custom, to be represented in court; He/She called it A Masque for the Entertainment of the King, and was instrumental in the development of the opera in Great Britain. It was the first dramatic work with text fully inserted in the music, no dialogue apart. Their songs are composed for one, two, three and four voices, and stand out for the charm of its melody.

He also wrote a work as a tribute to the most important contemporary musician of his time, as well as former student yours, Ode to the death of Henry Purcell. Although Blow was less innovative than Purcell, his lyrical strength, his technical ability and his harmonic innovations are in your student's height. He/She wrote forty masses and more than one hundred national hymns, many of which are still in use today. His best compositions were hymns, with simple chords or counterpoint, which wrote melodies of great strength and sweetness, developed on a low level of background. He/She was also writing masses, such as the magnificent Service in G Major.