Biography of Beatriz de. Marquesa de Moya Bobadilla (1440-1511)

Spanish Lady born in 1440 and died in Madrid the 17 January 1511. Coming from the lower stratum noble, however, worship at your disposal at the Court of Isabella the Catholic, came to focus a solid heritage land and income.

Beatriz, Pedro de Bobadilla, father was a hidalgo based in Madrid which stood out especially for the military services to Juan II and his son, Henry IV, as warden of the strengths of Madrid, El Pardo and Maqueda. According to some sources, mostly from reporters, the first meeting between the then Princess Isabel and Beatriz de Bobadilla took place precisely in the fortress of Maqueda, during 1464, when Isabel and his brother Alfonsospent a season in the Toledo Castle. It is quite possible that from this date Beatriz pass at the service of Isabel, although their next safe presence in the Castilian court dates back to 1469, when accompanied Princess Isabel on the bridal Entourage of this wedding with Fernando the Catholic, heir to the throne of Aragon. This time, Doña Beatriz already had married is, in 1466, with Andrés de Cabrera, a hidalgo based in Madrid, to the celebrerse a double wedding between the aforementioned future Marquis of Moya and another couple of regio courtly surroundings, Mencía de la Torre and Madrid noble Pedro Zapata. One of the men of the Catholic monarchs, Luis Acuña, officiated as Godfather at a ceremony consecrated by the Archbishop of Toledo, Alonso Carrillo.

In March 1473 marriage was based on a territory close to Madrid, although his life continued to be closely linked to itinerant court of the Catholic Kings future. After the death of Henry IV (1474), the traditional Castilian stronghold of the deceased monarch, the city of Segovia, was put in the custody of Andrés de Cabrera and Beatriz de Bobadilla, which can give an idea of the degree of confidence that Fernando and Isabel deposited in them. It should take into account that the Alcázar of Segovia was one of the most important fortresses of the time and, in addition, had in its cellars the treasure of the Crown of Castile, i.e. of all economic reserves of the Kingdom, so their custody was a high risk job. The following year, 1475, the own Beatriz was responsible for the custody of Segovia, since her husband, after receiving orders from the King Fernando, commanded one of the squads of the brotherhood which besieged Toro to retrieve it from the Portuguese rule. In 1476, however, one of the Knights of Segovia, Alfonso Maldonado, kidnapped the father of dona Beatriz, Pedro de Bobadilla, and threatened to kidnap the Infanta María, which was, at that time, also in the custody of the marriage, if the Catholic Kings gave not the alcaidia to their legitimate cataloged. Finally, Maldonado withdrew its hostile attitude, although several Segovia Knights, led by Bishop Juan Arias and notables of table and Pedro Maldonado, father of Alfonso, Luis showed their discontent with the Government of Doña Beatriz and her husband. Is quite possible, however, that the enmity of Segovia was only against Andrés de Cabrera, who had formerly been King Henry Butler; to prove the worth of Beatriz de Bobadilla in front of Segovia, worth the words of G. Fernández of Oviedo (ed. cit., p. 266):

"The Marchioness of Moya, who was Doña Beatriz de Bobadilla, went to Segovia and threw the [illegible...] cibdad and strengthening the alcacar, with their servants and servers was given a frank mine e claimed his tenure".

In a double decision, the Catholic monarchs decided to set aside the couple of Segovia, which named them marquesses of Moya (1480), award your loyalty and your services, but also to put peace in the important enclave Segovia. Once taken possession of the incomes of his marquisate, Beatriz and Andrés devoted themselves to increase their territorial heritage, mainly in the villages of Madrid (as Chinchón, Humanes, Griñón, etc.) and Toledo, although little is known of them between 1480 and 1492, except that Doña Beatriz formed part of the retinue of the Queen in the taking of Baza (1489), where also fought her husband. Thanks to the aforementioned increase in territorial, could establish two entailed estates to his sons: Juan de Cabrera, his successor in the marquisate of Moya, who was married to Ana de Mendoza, daughter of the Duke of Infantado, Diego Hurtado de Mendoza; While the second son, Pedro de Bobadilla, achieved the title of count of Chinchón in 1517 by Decree of the Emperor Carlos, due to services rendered in the revolt of the comuneros. A third son, Francisco de Bobadilla, chose an ecclesiastical career and was chaplain to Queen Elizabeth from 1503, then moving on to be queen Doña Juana. The youngest of the family, Juan Pedro de Bobadilla, also this time was ecclesiastical, Franciscan Friar. As you can see, after the death of dona Beatriz, the 17 January 1511, his family had spent more tiny noble stratum, the nobility, founded two entailed estates in his own lineage, as well as having an extensive territorial heritage based on both Marquis privanza and its proximity to the Castilian Royal Court environment.


FERNÁNDEZ DE OVIEDO, g. battles and Quincuagenas. (Ed. J. B. Avalle-Arce; Salamanca, Editions de la Diputación, 1989).

MOLINA GUTIÉRREZ, p. "The heritage of the first Marquis of Moya formation". (In Medieval Spain, 12 [1989], pp. 285-304).

PALENCIA, a. - Chronicle of Henry IV. (Madrid; BAE ed., 3 vols., 1964-66).

PINEL and MONROY, F. portrait of the good vassallo, copied from the life and deeds of D. Andrés de Cabrera, first Marquis of Moya... (Madrid, Imprenta Imperial, 1677. Facsimile ed.: basin; Association of friends of Moya, 1992).

TORRE, OF THE. The House of Isabel la Católica. (Madrid, CSIC, 1954).

YEBES, COUNTESS OF. The Marchioness of Moya. (Madrid, Ediciones Cultura Hispánica, 1966).