Biography of Dirk Bogarde (1921-1999)

British film, also writer, whose real name was Derek Icks Gaspard Niven Van den Bogaerde. He was born in Hampstead (London, England) on March 28, 1921 and passed away on May 8, 1999 in London.

Life

Dutch parents (he was a famous critic of art and photography at the London Times, and she, a little-known actress), Dirk Bogarde showed very young a great intelligence and application to their studies. It immediately opted for the interpretation by enrolling to study drama at the London Royal College of Art. He worked for to pay studies, as a photographer, activity that did not abandon when it was mobilized by the army to participate in the second world war. He took part in contests as dangerous as Java, Burma, and on-site attended the Normandy landings. Upon his return, managed to enroll in some theatrical companies, home of a crossing hard and complicated, and, above all, very slow. But a good friend and Advisor, Noel Coward, the famous playwright, helped him emerge from among the frames and sign an important contract exclusively with producer Arthur Rank, owner of the well-known British film company Rank Organisation. His physique, good looking, and your attitude, pleasant and very affable, condemned him from the beginning a little dramatic depth, Galan or roles perfectly well-off father, as poor the Doctor in series...

He made his debut in the film much earlier, in 1939, in Come on George, but it was one of many extras that came out in the film, and was not even accredited. Eight years later was going to produce its official debut: Dancing With Crime (1947); and one was later scheduled to appear in his first starring role: Esther Waters (1948), by Ian Dalrymple and Peter Proud. And only one year would have to wait to get his first role in a major film: film in episodes Quartet (1949) - specifically in the chapter entitled The Alien Corn-, Harold French.

In 1954, under the pseudonym Victor Hanbury, the American film director Joseph Losey, inscribed on the "black list" of McCarthyism in the United States, was in Europe shooting some films to survive. In England he was preparing the sleeping tiger, and someone suggested that he hired to Bogarde ("a guy that is not bad") for the role of Frank Clements, a criminal who will of Guinea-pig for a London psychiatrist and that will end up seducing the women of this. Here, began a partnership unbreakable and unforgettable in the history of cinema.

By then, Bogarde was already a very popular in Great Britain star, and although had to follow alternating their tedious appearances in the series Doctor in..., the films were produced with him as absolute protagonist. Thus, in the empty chair (1955) by Lewis Gilbert, magnificent adaptation of the Mistaken Murder of Janet Green, played a dangerous Bluebeard that marries rich women to then kill them; At Simba (1955), of Brian Desmond Hurst, will March to run adventures to Kenya; Ill Met By Moonlight (1957), of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, he goes to war, forming part of an elite commando, to Crete, where he was nothing less than the largest Paddy Leigh-Fermor "Philidem"; and, in the story of two cities (1958), Ralph Thomas, it gives life to all versions of the classic Charles Dickensbest Sydney Carton. That same year, became the romantic melodrama, one of the landmarks of British cinema, the wind cannot read (1958) by Ralph Thomas, a spot with an astonishing fluidity film, mostly filmed in the outside of Delhi, with a Bogarde in State of grace.

After being an extraordinary Franz Liszt in dream of love (1960), of Charles Vidor, luxurious adaptation of the musical and loving, life of the famous composer, who, after the death of Vidor, had to finish the great director George Cukor, and a memorable lawyer who, in victim (1961), Basil Dearden, risked his reputation and his career when he should confess his homosexuality to discover a gang of blackmailers, came the opportunity to finally participate in a masterpiece and give everything you have: the servant (1963), Joseph Losey. Admirable interpretation of set (if Bogarde not less Sarah Miles and James Fox are bright,) and a subtle and effective staging of the American director, along with a dash of great wealth, the work of Harold Pinter, on relations maestro-sirviente.

The following year, Losey returned to call you for another cinematic wonder: King and country (1964). A work that reflects the atrocities of war, with a decor of trenches and flooded underpasses of mud and lofty interpretation of Bogarde in the role of a lawyer who must defend a soldier accused of desertion at a court martial.

In the following years, she played an interviewer of television in the very famous Darling (1965), by John Schlesinger; I went into the skin of a professor from Oxford who, upon entering adulthood, falls in love with a student, in accident (1967); became the father of those children in this small wonder at nine every night (1967), Jack Clayton, and Pursewarden was in the kitsch adaptation of Larry Durrell Justine (1969), George Cukor. The same year, 1969, began with the fall of the gods, the Alliance Dirk Bogarde-Luchino Visconti. Director, tempted by the aestheticism, symbolically plays with color, flooding, when the Communist threat terrifies you, the face of the demonic character played by Ingrid Thulin with a red light, or plague the festivities of the Hitler youth with a bluish light that is almost blinding. And all this, masterfully ruled by the eternal presence of Bogarde; presence between eroticism and power, founded both the desire for possession and power of his superb character: Friedrich Bruckmann.

A couple of years later, Bogarde was, in death in Venice (1971), Luchino Visconti, the great Gustav von Aschenbach, a composer inspired by Gustav Mahler (in the novel by Thomas Mann, Aschenbach is a writer) that he moved to spend a season at the Lido of Venice, because he feels fatigued and depressed, and falls head over heels for a boy named Tadzio. The staging is completely faithful to the intentions and the philosophy of Mann, but filmmaker stands out and speaks also of their own troubles, in this fascinating work by his dramatic, psychological perfection and plastic, where the genius becomes desperate with the interpretation of Dirk Bogarde song.

In the remaining years until 1990, year in which she played his latest film, that scan between grief and affection of a few wilted spirits was Daddy Nostalgie (1990), Bertrand Tavernier, intervened on the controversial goalie of night (1974), Liliana Cavani; He was one of the many great actors taking a distant bridge (1977), Richard Attenborough, or he was recruited by two filmmakers of prestige in the European concert: Providence (1977), Alain Resnais, and despair (1979), by Rainer Werner Fassbinder.

Despite having lived outside Britain for twenty-two years, was, in 1992, appointed by the Queen of England Knight of the British Crown, and ten years earlier, had already received the order of Knight of letters by the French Government; tests of the prestige of this actor in the whole world who always knew, with a truly amazing sobriety, equip the many characters who played with a personal wealth (evil, cynicism and morbidity) that, without a doubt, they did not have in the text. Death befell him 78 years, a result of a heart attack.

Filmography

Actor

1939: Come on George (extra non accreditato). 1947: Dancing With Crime. 1948: Esther Waters; Once a Jolly Swagman.1949: Dear Mr. Prohack; Boys in Brown; Quartet (episode The Alien Corn); 1950: the Blue Lantern; Strange event; The Woman in Question/Five Angles on Murder. 1951: Blackmailer; Penny Princess. 1952: The Gentle Gunman; The Stranger in Between/Hunted. 1953: Appointment in London; Desperate moment; They Who Dare. 1954: The sleeping tiger; For Better, for Worse; A doctor in the family; The Sea Shall Not Have Them. 1955: Simba; A doctor in the Navy; The empty chair. 1956: The Spanish Gardener. 1957: A medical phenomenon; Night Ambush/Ill Met By Moonlight. 1958: The dynasty of the oil; The Doctor's Dilemma; History of two cities; The wind cannot read. 1959: The night is my enemy. 1960: I dream of love; The Angel Wore Red. 1961: Victim; The devil, the flesh and forgiveness. 1962: Mutiny on the Defiant; We Are in the Navy Now/We Joined the Navy; The strange case of Dr. Longman. 1963: i Could Go On Singing; The Password Is Courage; The problems of the doctor; The servant. 1964: King and homeland. 1965: Too warm for June; Darling.1966: Modesty Blaise; Relentless persecution. 1967: Accident; At nine o'clock every night. 1968: Mr. Sebastian; The man in Kiev. 1969: Oh, what beautiful war!; The fall of the gods; Justine.1971: Death in Venice. 1973: The snake. 1974: Night Porter. 1975: The man who decided death. 1977: A distant bridge; Providence.1979: Desesperacion.1987: The Vision. 1990: Naddy Nostalgie.

Actor in Television Productions

1970: Upon This Rock/Return to Lochaver. 1981: The Patricia Neal Story. 1986: May We Borrow Your Husband? (based on his novel).

Guest in TV Series actor

1964: Hallmark Hall of Fame (episode: Little Moon of Alban).

As Television screenwriter

1986: May We Borrow Your Husband?.1992: Voices in the Garden.