Biography of Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux (1636-1711)

French critic and poet. Nicolas Boileau, called Boileau-Despréaux, was born in Paris in 1611. He/She served as lawyer for a time but after the death of his father, who was also a lawyer, left his profession to devote himself to literature. He/She was a friend of Molière, Racine and La Fontaine. It enjoyed the favors of Luis XIV, who received a pension in 1669 and that in 1677 he/she appointed him historiographer of the Court. It became a member of the Académie Française in the year 1684. He/She wrote 12 satires, including: the ridiculous Banquet, dedicated to Molière; The thousand tedium of living in Paris and his spirit; the satires are a valuable paper on various aspects of the life and customs of his time. He/She published also 12 Epistles ranging from 1674 to 1694; with them, it became clear to polemicist qualities. In 1674 appeared a very small-satirical poem entitled the lectern; He/She was published a year later, on an event chronicle: the dispute petulant and petty between choir master and Treasurer of the Sainte Chapelle in Paris to decide the place of placing of a lectern in the choir. All the endowments of critic and historian appear in the poetic art work, 1674.