Biography of William du Bois (1868-1963)

American sociologist and writer. He/She was born on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington (Massachusetts) and studied at Fisk, Berlin and Harvard universities, for his PhD in the latter and thus be the first black person who obtained the doctorate at Harvard. During 1897 and 1910 he/she worked as a Professor, teaching history and Economics at the University of Atlanta. During this stage Du Bois clashed publicly with American educator Booker T. Washington, who believed that blacks constituted a minority surrounded by white society; Thus he/she started his public activity, dedicating himself to defend the equality of races. He/She first collaborated in the founding of the National Association for the development of people (NAACP), and once established in 1910, Du Bois served as Director of publications of the Association, and work as editor of The Crisis, its official organ, between the years between 1910 and 1932. His visit to the Soviet Union in 1926, he/she drew as conclusion that the struggle for equality of races that American blacks were carried out would be achieved more simply through socialism. Du Bois returned to the Atlanta University in 1934, after its abandonment in the Association, NAACP, and here he/she worked as editor of the University publication Phylon between 1940-1944. Again he/she entered as a member in the NAACP Organization for the post of director of the Department of special investigations, since it played while he/she stayed in the Association, from 1944 until 1948. Worried by the evils that afflict society, he/she served as President in the information center by the peace of New York in 1950, association dedicated to achieving world peace and nuclear disarmament; However, the following year, the U.S. Government declared subversive such an organization and it was closed. After prolonged and frequent travels around Eastern Europe throughout the Decade of the 1950s, was made to Du Bois worthy of the Lenin peace prize in 1959, joined the Communist Party in 1961 and moved to Ghana, where he/she became a citizen of the country and prepared the publication of the encyclopedia Africana, which was never published, then died on August 27, 1963 in Accra.

Du Bois literary production consists of about twenty books, which include the black of Philadelphia (1899), black reconstruction (1935), and the trilogy composed of Mansart (1957), Mansart test works builds a school (1959), and worlds of color (1961) and collected by the global title of Lama black.

Related topics

Literature of United States of America.