French aristocrat. Son of the count of Artois, then Carlos X; born in Versailles in 1775 and died at Göritz in 1844. He emigrated with his father in 1792, married in 1799 with his cousin María Teresa, daughter of Luis XVI. He lived in England until 1814, year in which entered France with Spaniards; He organized the resistance in the South of France during the return of Napoleon, but he was defeated and taken prisoner, but he was allowed to leave France; He returned the second restoration, and in 1823 was head of the army of 100,000 men invaded the Spain to overthrow the constitutional Government and restore the despotism. He then took the title of Dauphin, and left France with his family, driven out by the revolution of 1830. He lived after some time in Scotland and in Prague, and finally moved to Göritz, where he remained until his death.