German writer, born in Hamburg in 1921 and died in Basel 1947). He/She attended theatre classes, but could not exercise the profession of actor for a long time, since he/she was called up in 1941. During this time he/she was active on this front, spent some periods in prison, and was sick several times. In 1945 he/she escaped from a French prison camp and fled to Hamburg. Very ill, he/she lived during the following years (1946/47) his period of greatest literary production. In 1947 he/she entered a hospital in Basel, where he/she died as a result of their liver disease.
His quick success after World War II was due to the treatment that became topics of war and postwar in his short stories, his prose texts and its drama (also written as radio script) Draußen vor der Tür (outside at the door), premiered in 1949. His poems, which reflect a clear influence of expressionist models and authors such as R.M. Rilke and F. Hölderlinare important.
Autobiographical experiences are a constant throughout all his work. His narrations try prison (Die Hundeblume, dandelion, 1947), the war (An diesem Dienstag, that Tuesday, 1947) and Homecoming (Die lange, lange Strasse lang, along the long, long Street, 1947), and all of them are characterized by precision and thoroughness in the description. In terms of form, their stories present a broad spectrum, from the technique of "collage" or mounting to the interior monologue. His conception of literature is expressed in the prose text Das ist unser Manifest (this is our manifesto, 1947).
Borchert offered to the public in the post-war many possibilities of identification, and that while the radio broadcast of his best-known work, Draußen vor der Tür, provoked reactions very mixed and controversial. The work became more represented Theatre part of the post-war period, and their short stories in compulsory reading in schools.