Biography of Georg Morris Cohen Brandes (1842-1927)

Danish biographer and critic. He/She was born and died in Copenhagen, was son of a family of Hebrew merchants for non-observant and studied law and philosophy at the University of Copenhagen. You brandes adopted a comprehensive and cosmopolitan vision of the history of Scandinavian literature, which was previously unknown. As a philosopher he/she studied in the philosophy of Hegel, but soon joined the psychologism of Sainte-Beuve and the critical method of Taine, which was the subject of his studies as a doctoral student and who published his doctoral thesis in contemporary French aesthetics (1870), so it has been considered as one of the largest methodical critics of literature of modern times. In this first period include philosophical works as aesthetic studies (1868) and criticisms and portraits (1870). After his trips to the length and breadth of Europe, in the course of which he/she met Stuart Mill (of whom had already translated the essay the Subjection of Woman), Taine and Renan, Ibsen, returned in 1871 to teach at the University of Copenhagen, a series of famous lectures literature of the 19th century that turned him into guide younger generations. Great importance had in the dissemination of their ideas magazine Det nyttende Aarhundrede, published with his brother Edvard between 1874 and 1878. He/She was denied several times the University Chair in aesthetics, according to the own Brandes because of the Jewish race, his heartfelt atheism and, generally, radical purposes, so decided to move to Berlin in 1877 and lived there for five years, writing and lecturing. When he/she returned to Denmark in 1882, a group of fans supported him psychic and economically to remunerate him as private teacher; his fame grew among students in the country and abroad. To this stage as a lecturer belong its main currents in the European literature of century XIX, in addition to Lassalle (1881), Polish impressions (1888), prints of Russia, and Berlin, German capital (both 1889); and his essays of literary argument Danish poets (1877), Søren Kierkegaard (1877), Tegnér (1878), Holberg (1884) and the men of the modern revolution (1883), essays in which begins to emphasize his character's biographer, because increasingly shows a greater interest in the great figures, influenced by Nietzsche, until Brandes surrenders completely to the cult of Superman, as evidenced by the works Shakespeare (1895-96)Heine (1897) and Ibsen (1909). After that the liberal party reached power in 1892, the Minister granted Brandes a substantial pension in 1902, without obligation to give lessons, and that year was elected Professor of aesthetics. These quieter years belong his autobiographical texts childhood and youth (1905), a decade (1905) and Angosturas and horizons (1908). During the world war increased his literary activity, because then publishes the major biographies of Goethe (1915), Voltaire (1917), and Miguel Angel (1921). Two works worth mentioning of his latest work, the second part of the tragedy (1919), written immediately after the war and that review favorably the Russian Revolution; and a rationalist book about Jesus Christ, the legend of Jesus (1925). You brandes, was a prolific writer, and his literary production consists of thirty-three volumes dealing with history, biography and criticism.