Biography of Willy Brandt (1913-1992)

German politician, whose real name was Herbert Ernest Karl Franhm, born in the district labor of Lübeck, in the North of Germany, on December 18, 1913, in a humble family.

At age 17 he/she joined the so-called red hawks, a contrary to the extreme right German youth organization, and later was a staff member of the Socialist Workers Party.

With the arrival of Hitler to power, Brandt was persecuted by the nazis. He/She escaped from Germany and took refuge in Oslo. The Norwegian Government gave him a passport with the name of Willy Brandt and adopted the Norwegian nationality.

The new Willy Brandt graduated in history from the University of Oslo and started in journalism, working as a war correspondent in Spain, in the North of Africa, in the battle of Alamein and participating, at the end of the second world war, the Nuremberg process.

In 1940, the year in which Germany sent his armies against Norway, Brandt spent five weeks in a concentration camp in Sweden for wearing the uniform of the Norwegian troops, army where he/she achieved the higher degree.

After the second world war, he/she returned to Germany, using its current name since then. In their country became regular contributor to Ernst Reuter, post-war Berlin Mayor, who helped recover their German nationality, in 1948. From the moment he/she joined the Social Democratic Party, SPD. In 1949, it became part of the lower House of the FRG (Bundestag) and, in 1955, he/she was elected President of the Chamber of representatives of West Berlin.

In 1957, he/she was elected Mayor, Governor of the former German capital, charge that, after being re-elected on several occasions, served until 1966, who was appointed Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor from then-Chancellor Federal Kiesinger.

In February 1964, Willy Brandt was elected President of the social democratic party German, SPD, who served until March 23, 1987. On October 21, 1969, was elected Chancellor of the FRG on the proposal of the President of the Republic. During his tenure in the Foreign Ministry in Bonn, Willy Brandt stood out for its opening policy toward the East. His political program was based, above all, on the relaunch of political relations of the USSR and the popular republics of East - relations with the GDR-impulse, policy of reducing forces on both sides of the Berlin wall, and the guarantee of the political, economic, and cultural freedom of Berlin, positions that earned him the Nobel Peace Prizeawarded in 1976 1971.En was elected President of the Socialist International, IS in charge the independent Commission for development. In this position was confirmed in 1989, over the course of the 18th Congress in Estocolmo.El 7 October 1990, he/she received the Medal of honour of the Lisbon City Hall for his contribution to the rapprochement of the peoples of Europe. He/She died on 8 October 1992 because of a cancerous process.Was doctor honoris causa by the universities of Granada and Strasbourg and was in possession of numerous awards, including, in addition to the Nobel peace, the American Freedom Award; World man, conceded in Barcelona; Reinhold Niebuhr Award (1972); of the Aspen Institute for humanistic studies (1973); B'nai Brith Gold Medal (1981) and international Einstein peace prize, awarded in 1985.

Willy Brandt wrote numerous publications, such as: wars of Norway, criminals and other Germans, Germany under Adenauer, a road to Berlin, policy of peace in Europe, Ernst Reuter, a policy for freedom, political memoirs, etc.