Biography of Volker Braun (1939-VVVV)

German writer born in Dresden in 1939. After completing high school he worked as a laborer as a machinist and a printer. After joining in the SED (Socialist Unity of Germany), he studied philosophy in Leipzig from 1960 to 1964. In those same years he also started his literary activity. In 1977 it came to form part of the "Berliner Ensemble".

The literary works of Braun discusses the existing contradictions between the idea and reality of socialist society. In his theatrical texts contrast life and working conditions imposed by the State with the needs of creativity and the desire for happiness of the individual immersed in this Socialist environment (Die Kipper, trucks, 1962; Hinz und Kunz, Hinz and Kunz, 1962; Tinka Tinka, 1975). Further dramas extend this problem regarding the possibilities of the revolutionary movements in the course of history (Guevara oder der Sonnenstaat, Guevara, or the Sunshine State, 1977;) Großer Frieden, the great peace, 1980; Dimitri, Dimitri, 1983). His piece of documentary theater Lenins Tod (death of Lenin), premiered by the "Berliner Ensemble" in 1988, is precisely the disappointment suffered by the protagonist of a revolution.

As lyrical, in whose work can be seen the influence of Brecht, Mayakovsky and Hölderlin, Braun is shown as an ironic critic of the present, as instigator of a new revolution in the field of social reality (Provokation für mich, provocation for me, 1965;) Vorläufiges, things passed, 1966; Training des aufrechten Gangs, training of the brisk, 1979).

Has also written works in prose (Das ungezwungne Leben Kasts, the easy life of Kast, 1972; Berichte von Hinze und Kunze, reports Hinz and Kunz, 1983) and some trials of nature aesthetic and cultural (is nicht die einfache Wahrheit design, not just the simple truth, 1975).

Due to his critical and non-conformist character, Braun always found many obstacles to the publication and representation of their works. Thus, after their strong protest the deportation and denaturalization of Wolf Biermann, it was excluded from the Association of writers of the Democratic Republic.