Biography of Wernher Magnus Maximilian von Braun (1912-1977)

U.S. citizen German engineer. He/She was a pioneer of the missile; known also as the father of the American supermisil, thanks to which, the first men set foot on the moon. He/She studied at the institutes of technology in Zurich and Berlin. Since young he/she belonged to the German society for space flight, and worked together with Hermann Oberth (one of the fathers of Astronautics). Graduated in engineering, doing a thesis on the engine Jet, and in 1932 began to work for the German army in the field of rocket design, developing experiments on missiles for military use. Two years later he/she obtained his first achievement, a rocket powered by liquid fuel.

Dr. Wernher Von Braun.

To 1938, serving as director technical German missile Center in Peenemünde (a year before was in Kummersdorf); Here von Braun was responsible of the famous project of the ballistic supersonic V-2 missile, considered as the first long range missile in the world, used during the second world war. At the end of the conflict, Von Braun and his colleagues surrendered to American troops with the promise of continuing studies institution at the White Sands, New Mexico. Some time later, became one of the most prominent figures of the space program of the United States of America, for which designed rocket Jupiter, which placed the Explorer I satellite in orbit (first nation), in 1958.

In 1960, after the founding of NASA, Von Braun became one of the key points of the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, where were designed and carried out large missiles, and where exerted great influence on the construction of the rocket Saturn, who was the first man on the Moon in 1969. In 1972 he/she resigned from his post at NASA to enter into private industry. He/She died shortly thereafter, in 1977, at the age of 65 years.LBD.