Biography of Willi Bredel (1901-1964)

German writer, born in Hamburg in 1901, and died in East Berlin in 1964. He/She was a sailor before becoming editor of press of the KPD (Communist Party of Germany), which was already affiliated in 1919. In 1930 he/she was sentenced to two years in prison for "literary high treason". He/She was interned in the Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp, and in 1934 emigrated to Moscow, where in collaboration with Bertolt Brecht and L. Feuchtwanger published the magazine "Das Wort". During the Spanish Civil War, Bredel fought as part of the international brigades; in 1939 he/she returned to the Soviet Union and after the end of the war to Germany. In the GDR, he/she made numerous political and cultural activities, taking in charge, among others, the President of the Academy of arts.

Bredel belongs to the generation of worker writers who in the twenties came to literature through the work of press to the KPD. His first two novels (Maschinenfabrik N & K, N & K machinery factory, 1930; Rosenhofstrasse, Calle de Rosenhof, 1931) gave foot Giorgy Lukács to affirm that proletario-revolucionaria literature lacked all settings. Through his novel of autobiographical Die Prüfung (examination, 1935), translated into 17 languages, Bredel soon gave a view of the horrendous reality of the Nazi regime. His trilogy of novels Verwandte und Bekannte (relatives and friends: Die Väter, parents, 1943;) Die Söhne, children, 1949; Die Enkel, grandchildren, 1953) offers a faithful panorama of the German labor movement since the end of the 19th century until World War II, in the form of a social novel, a saga of a Socialist nature.