Biography of Abdalá Bucaram (1952-VVVV)

Ecuadorian politician, President of the Republic from 1996 to 1997, born on February 20, 1952 in Guayaquil. His full name is Abdalá Jaime Bucaram Ortiz.

Son of Lebanese immigrants, studied at the Colegio Salesiano Cristóbal Colón and the Faculty of law of the State University of Guayaquil, where he/she graduated as a lawyer. In 1972 he/she obtained a master's degree in physical education in (West Germany) Wansee and subsequently an international qualification of the master of physical education of Latin America. Athlete consummated, won numerous prizes in competitions College and career: was Ecuadorian record for the 100 meter dash, champion in 4 x 100 metres at the Bolivarian games in Venezuela and South American runner-up in track and field, in addition to two participations in the national team in the 1972 Olympics and the national military team. As teaching sports the Naval Sports Foundation he/she co-founded and taught at the Colegio San José La Salle and the Naval school.

In 1979, Bucaram was quartermaster general of the police of Guayas - province in which served as a counselor in 1980 - administrative, Advisory the Inspectorate-General of the nation and coordinator of the presidential campaign of his brother, Jaime Roldós Aguilera. At his death in a plane crash in 1981, Bucaram founded in 1982 the Partido Roldosista Ecuatoriano (PRE), which was "Supreme director" in 1983-1985 and 1991-1993. In 1984 he/she won the Mayor of Guayaquil, but a year later, he/she went to Panama, since opened you charges of corruption in the performance of their duties, where he/she lived until 1990.

Attended, unsuccessfully, the presidential elections of 1988 (31 January and 8 May) and 1992 (17 May); in the first he/she played the second return to the Social Democrat Rodrigo Borja Cevallos, and the latter was in third position after conservative Sixto Durán-Ballén and Jaime Nebot. Finally, in the edition of 1996 (May 18 and July 7) got the victory over Nebot with 54´3% of the votes. He/She took the maximum judiciary on 10 August, with a term of four years.

Leader's populist message and eccentric personality (it has no hesitation in being known as "El Loco"), Bucaram faced six months to power a wave of popular protests and strikes that caused his impeachment by Congress on February 6, 1997 for "mental incapacity". For a few days an institutional crisis was experienced very confusing, that it was clarified with the appointment of Rosalía Arteaga (9 February) as provisional President, and finally of Fabián Alarcón (11 February) as Acting President. Bucaram denounced the move and insisted on its constitutional legitimacy, but opted to seek refuge in Panama, where promised to continue active in politics and prepare its candidacy to the elections of 1998. In April the Ecuadorian Supreme Court issued a warrant for arrest and extradition to face charges of misappropriation of public funds, and on 25 May a referendum confirmed the legality of Alarcon as interim President with 74% of the votes.

The former President returned to Ecuador in April 2005 when the Supreme Court, renovated almost in full by the Government of Lucio Gutiérrez, exculpara him of corruption charges. This decision was the trigger that caused, days later, the dismissal of President Gutiérrez.

Bucaram has combined his political career with a business activity in the sectors of agriculture, trade and communications. He/She is also the author of various legal and technical documents.

ROZ