British geologist born in 1784 the County of Devon and died in London in 1856, highlighted by his efforts in reconciling geological discoveries of the 19th century with the Holy Scriptures and the creationist theories against evolution.
Buckland was ordained Anglican pastor in 1808, and five years later appointed Professor of mineralogy in the University of Oxford. Between 1845 and 1856 he served as dean at the catedreal of Westminster, and was a member of the Council of the Royal Society of the Lords from 1827 until 1849.
He tried to relate the scientific theories of the time with the writings of creation in the Bible. It was the creation of the world much before the biblical events exposed by the Bible, so the effects of land Dynamics (erosion, elevation of the terrain, etc.) since then had left very clear footprints in the Earth's surface. Buckland made numerous paleontological studies and was the first scientist in England which became clear evidence on the existence of an ancient glaciation landscape.
His main works are: Reliquiae Diluvianae (1823), and geology and mineralogy in relation to natural theology (1836).