Military and Nigerian politician, President of the Republic between 1983 and 1985, born on December 17, 1942 in Daura (Katsina, Kaduna State).
Belonging to the fulani ethnic group, after educating in the Katsina Provincial secondary school, followed the career of weapons in the school of cadets from Nigeria and Aldershot (United Kingdom). In 1962 joined as an officer in the army of his country, whose 2nd Battalion participated (1962-1963) in the operation of Nations United in the Congo (ONUC). This action followed a series of appointments on the staffs of the 1st and 3rd Infantry divisions and new studies in India (1972-1973). In 1974 he was appointed acting director of supplies and transport of the army, in 1975, with the rank of major general, military Governor of the State from the Northeast and one year military then Governor of Borno State, since he only played for a few weeks. Member of the Supreme Military Council of the general O. Obasanjo (1976-1979), served as a federal Commissioner of petroleum (1976-1978) and President of the national petroleum company (1977-1980). The Secretariat of the General Headquarters of the army, which step was the seat of the Government was also entrusted. Shoot all their military obligations, in 1980 he assumed command of the 4th Division, and after the 1st mechanized Division.
He occupied this post Buhari on December 31, 1983, when he led a coup d ' état (the fifth since independence in 1960) which overthrew the democratically elected President, Alhaji Shehu Shagari, and constituted a Supreme Military Council. At the head of the State and the army, Buhari tried to give some legitimacy to the imposed order, and formed a Government in which civilians were most in March 1984. However, on August 26, 1985 his Chief of staff, general I. Babangida, overthrew it in a bloodless move, accusing him of hesitating on his promise of reforms and fail in the arrangement of the economic crisis. After three years in a situation of arrest, Buhari was released in 1988.