Pianist, conductor, teacher and musicographer German. At age 9, Friedrich Wieck, he received his first piano lessons. Their encounters with Liszt (1842) and Wagner (1846), which decided him to study theory with Eberwein and Hauptmann were decisive in his musical orientation. On January 1, 1848 made his presentation as a pianist with the Prätendenten Phantasie Raff and, three months later, with the Concerto in d minor of Mendelssohn. He studied law in Leipzig (1848-1849) and Berlin (1849-1850), time in which published his first articles in the newspaper Abendpost. Thanks to the recommendation of Wagner, in 1850, he was director of the theatre of Zurich, and then theatre of Saint-Gall. Between 1851 and 1853 he studied with Liszt in Weimar, before their first concert tours as a piano virtuoso. The following years he was Professor of music at the home of Earl Mycielski in Prussia (1854-1855) and Professor of piano at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin (1855-1864). In 1857 he married Cosima, daughter of Liszt, which would later become partner of Wagner.
In 1864 he moved to Munich, where he lived five years and was director of the school of music and choirmaster at the Court. During this time he directed the premiere of Tristan and the mastersingers. After her divorce, in 1870, he made tours of Russia and America. Back in Germany, he conducted the symphonic concerts of Hanover and the Orchestra of the Teatro Real (1877-1879); He was appointed intendant of the Meiningen court music, since he held between 1780 and 1785. He married the actress Marie Schanzer (1872). 1876 and 1893 he conducted the concerts of Hamburg and, at the same time, the concerts of the Berlin Philharmonic (from 1887 to 1892).In 1878 he definitely broke relations with Wagner and Liszt, which were two of his favorite composers. Your preferences also were Beethoven and his late Sonatas for piano, Chopin, and Bach. It helped Brahms and Strauss with their musical careers, and to raise the category of the orchestras at the characteristic level, facilitated the path from novice composers
HONEGGER, Marc, dictionary of music. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, Second Edition, 1993.
History of classical music. Madrid, planet, 1983.