Politician, writer and Mexican historian, born in Oaxaca in 1774 and died in the city of Mexico in 1848. After studying Latin grammar, he/she studied philosophy at the seminary in Oaxaca and graduated in theology. Career of jurisprudence in the capital began in 1796 and practiced law in the audience of Guadalajara, who left after being forced to sign a death sentence.
He returned to Mexico where he/she founded the journal of Mexico from whose pages supported the struggle for the independence of his country. After the proclamation of the Constitution of Cadiz in 1812, was Bustamante one of the first to make use of the freedom of the press by publishing the Juguetillo, newspaper suspended by the viceroy. Fearing for his life, he/she moved to Oaxaca, where he/she participated in the fight alongside José María Morelos and began to write in the weekly the mail of the South. After the fall of Morelos, Bustamante was arrested and transferred to the Castillo of San Juan de Ulúa, where he/she remained prisoner from 1817 until 1820.
Proclaimed in Iguala independence, joined the troops of Santa Anna and confronted Iturbide through criticisms expressed in its weekly WaSP Chilpancingo and directly at the Congress. This attitude earned him back the imprisonment in the convent of San Francisco, along with other members who are accused of participating in an alleged conspiracy against Iturbide.
He regained freedom in 1823 and was elector again to Congress as a Deputy of Oaxaca, position that he/she held until his death. From 1837 to 1841 was one of five members of the supreme power conservative and in 1843 he/she refused the post of Counsellor of State offered by Santa Anna.
Aside from this frenetic political activity, their condition of polygraph and his unique talent of journalist and tireless editor, became you a unique case in the history of Mexico. He/She published numerous works on Mexican history that were unpublished, including the general history of the things of new Spain, fray Bernardino de Sahagún, and history of the province of the society of Jesus of new Spain, Francisco Javier Alegre.