Biography of José Plácido Caamaño (1837-1900)

Ecuadorian politician, born in Guayaquil on 5 October 1837 and died in Seville (Spain) on December 31, 1900. He/She held the Presidency of the Republic temporarily on October 15, 1883 to February 10, 1884, and the constitutional Presidency for the period 1884-1888. The Spanish Admiral Jacinto Caamaño, Plácido Caamaño Nieto graduated in Quito's lawyer with the title of doctor of jurisprudence. He/She was member of several academies of Europe and America. Amassed a large fortune thanks to his dedication to the hacienda cocoa Tenguel - owned by his family - and trade. Much of that fortune used it in restoring South campaign. He/She was collaborator of Veintemilla in its first headquarters, but in its absence of support to agro-export trade, went to the opposition, reason for which he/she was exiled to Lima.

He was a man of Center, located between the alfaristas and the Conservatives of Camilo Ponce Ortiz. His election was due to the union of the centrist conservative and Liberal Catholics, groups that constituted a third political force known as progressive party during the Government of Antonio Flores . During his tenure, he/she created the nautical school and the national archives; He/She hired Teodoro Wolf, German geologist, geological and geographical charts of the Ecuador lifting; He/She opened the National Theatre in Sucre and contracted studies for the opening of the trails of the railways Ibarra-San Lorenzo and Chimborazo-Sibambe. He/She also joined by means of the Telegraph cable to Quito with Guayaquil, and established sugar exposure to promote this culture and marketing. Its mandate were the foundations of the Basilica of the national vow, in Quito. He/She had to cope with the upheavals of Eloy Alfaro, who wanted to be with the power, and the guerilla warfare (the y) which, supporting the projects of Alfaro, were still ambushing military garrisons, river transport, and even private properties to Plácido Caamaño. He/She repressed powered the alfaristas montoneros, resorting even to exile and the death penalty, as is the case with the Esmeralda Colonel Luis Vargas Torres - faithful collaborator of the Alfaro general - shot in Cuenca on March 20, 1887. Finished his presidential term, he/she was Ambassador in Washington and Governor of Guayas in the Government of Luis Cordero. During the performance of this office, took place the business of buying and selling of the Chilean cruiser "Esmeralda" (known as "the sale of the flag" case), because of which he/she was accused of embezzlement. For this reason, Caamaño was forced to environment in Spain. Headquartered in Seville, died in this city, in the midst of great poverty, the last day of the year 1900.