Biography of Manuel Altagracia Cáceres (1838-1878)

Politician and Dominican military born in Azua in 1838 and died in Santo Domingo in September 1878. He held the Presidency of the Republic between January 31 and February 13, 1868.

The Cáceres family moved to the Cibao when Manuel was still a child and in this region began his military training and his political vocation, discipline in which supporter of the Governments of Buenaventura Báezwas quickly. During the revolution of July, 1857, against the Cabinet baecista, Cáceres participated actively in the counterrevolutionary movement, which earned him, after the triumph of the revolt, a charge of conspiracy, and an arrest warrant.

It welcomed the annexation of the country to Spain in 1861, but during the restorative war that erupted two years later fought alongside the Government of President Pepillo Salcedo, with whom he maintained a long friendship since his youth. In 1867 he returned to the political tenets of Baez and participated in the movement that rose up against the Government of José María Cabral.

On January 31, 1868 became President of the Republic, but fourteen days later moved it a Board of General Government. Báez returned to power in May and Cáceres returned to the Presidential Cabinet, first as a delegate of the Government in Santiago and, later, as Vice-Chairman. The strong relationship of both politicians began to break from 1871 when personal friends of Cáceres participated in uprisings against the baecista regime. Finally, with the support of Ignacio María González, Cáceres organized a movement that would end the presidential term in Puerto Plata. On this occasion he did not want to accept the position of leader of the country and gave honour who was his collaborator in the conspiracy against Baez. Months later, he tried to depose the maximum judiciary González, but failed and was forced into exile in Puerto Rico.

After the fall of the Government in 1876, Cáceres returned to the country to lead a new movement armed against the new Cabinet of Espaillat, but was captured and exiled to Saint Thomas. At the end of year, González and Marcos Antonio Cabral staged ephemeral governments, and Cáceres y Báez returned to the country for United's new power. Baez took over the Presidency on 27 December and Cáceres was named Minister of finance.

González again overthrew the Government baecista in March 1878, and when he left the post in September, the name of Cáceres returned to sonar to the Presidency; However, his political enemies attempted on his life and thwarted their aspirations. The interim President, Jacinto de Castro, declared by Decree national mourning and delayed the election call.