Biography of Francisco Tadeo Calomarde (1773-1842)

Minister of Fernando VII, born in Villel (Teruel) 10 February 1773 and died in Toulouse on June 19, 1842.

Son of humble farmers, studied in Zaragoza philosophy and laws. He worked simultaneously as a page of a gentleman, who advised him not to neglect the academic studies and, indeed, in the economic society of Zaragoza read a memory entitled politico speech [...] which shows the amount of wheat and other grains and frumenticios in each year of the past five years it has caught in the Kingdom of Aragonpublished in Madrid in 1800. Palau also attributed a political history of Aragon, at the end of the 18th century. After receiving Attorney, registered in Madrid as Secretary of Antonio Beltran, medical Chamber of Godoy, whose daughter, Juana Beltran, he married in January 1808. The fall of Godoy was the occasion to leave it, as well as to Joan, since theirs had not gone be a marriage of convenience. Among other administrative positions, he served as Chief Clerk of the Ministry of grace and justice, came as Secretary to Uribe and Miguel Lardizábal, Minister of Indian and Regent until October 28, 1810, and was appointed Secretary of the Committee on credentials of members, of September 15, 1810.

Calomarde, from Cádiz, tried to be Deputy for Aragon, unsuccessfully, and this failure has been attributed his subsequent ultraabsolutismo. He was appointed Prosecutor of the Special Court's orders (September 1813). With the reaction of 1814, being appointed Secretary of the Interior of the Peninsula and overseas Lardizabal, Calomarde was Undersecretary; He became in 1815 the Ministry of grace and justice, at the same time was appointed Perpetual Secretary of the Royal American order of Isabel La Católica, newly created. At the end of the same year (1815) he was appointed Secretary of the Council of Castile, but fell into disfavor, and he was confined in Pamplona. The revolution of 1820 freed him, but can not shine then took refuge in Olba, Teruel, where it apparently had a paper factory. With the invasion of 1823 he offered to Angoulême, who appointed him as Secretary of the Regency. In 1824, Calomarde was appointed Minister of grace and justice, since it would become famous with their methods of inquisitorial repression. Yours is the literary curriculum and general arrangement of universities of the Kingdom, 1824. He retained the favor of Fernando VII thanks to the reaccionarismo of both, but also that Calomarde knew how to cultivate the clique that proverbial is his friendship with master, the largest apothecary - and also its police branches throughout the country. In 1827 he contributed effectively to the Suppression of the Catalan revolt of the Agraviados. Their inclination against the repeal of the Salic law, and force which thus exerted on the sick King, they earned him, to lose, an order of banishment in 1832, which Calomarde anticipated moving to Olba, and from there to Híjar, where on 12 November came disguised as a monk of St. Bernard; it attained shortly after crossing the border from France. He offered to Don Carlos, but this did not accept him. Even tried in Rome be made a cardinal, unsuccessfully. It is said that in his later years it protected all kinds of refugees, especially if they were of Aragonese.

Bibliography

TAXONERA, Luciano's: men and events of other times. Madrid: 1945.

MARQUÉS DE LEMA: Don Tadeo Calomarde. Madrid: 1916.

PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Hispanic iconography. Madrid: 1966.

A GIL NOVALES.