Spanish composer born in Madrid. He/She studied at the Conservatory of the city with iron and monastery (violin) and Emilio Serrano (composition). He/She was also a disciple of Chapí. As viola and violin, it formed part of the Orchestra of the Royal Theatre, the French Quartet and the quintet of Madrid. In 1915 he/she was appointed Professor of composition at the Madrid Conservatory, and became the most important Professor in Spain. Without renouncing the nationalism, he/she introduced in the Spanish music world German techniques, especially those of Brahms and R. Strauss. In this line, he/she created his symphonic poem the Divine Comedy (1908). He/She composed numerous pieces for chamber music; He/She was the main teacher of the genre in the Spain of his time, among them the string quartets romantic whims and Carlos III. He/She also cultivated the opera genre in which moves away from the influence of Strauss and the piconera (1949) is close to the nationalist model of Chapí and Bretón, with titles such as the end of Don Alvaro (1910), Fantochines (1922) and Lola.