Biography of Quirino Campofiorito (1902-1993)

Painter, designer and graphic Illustrator Brazilian, critic of art and teacher, born in Belém (PA) on September 7, 1902 and died in Niterói (RJ) on 16 September 1993, whose work was a major boost for modernism in his country.

Formed at the end of his studies at the National School of fine arts of Rio de Janeiro (1920-1929), won the prize of travel abroad, which enabled him to spend a period of five years (1929-1934) in Europe. He/She made the trip with his wife, the artist Hilda H. Eisenlohr (Hilda Campofiorito), with which it had contracted marriage in 1929. It took advantage of its stay in the old continent, to perfect their preparation, attending workshops, academies and artistic circles in Rome and Paris, and knowing and soaking up the modernist movement hitherto little known in Brazil.

Back to his country, guided his professional life to three sheds in which worked all his life: his artistic work, teaching, and criticism. In this sense, Quirino Campofiorito constituted an unusual case among the painters coeaneos.

Already in the years of his youth he/she began working as Illustrator (comic) HQ or Tico-Tico and the children's magazine. Also in those years, at the same time that he/she studied, served as cartoonist for O Malho, D. Quixote, A Maca, A mask, Eu sei tudo and as a designer of advertising for the Metro Goldwin Mayer. He/She also collaborated with his father, Pedro Campofiorito (1875-1945) in projects for public buildings of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói. Reinstated in Rio de Janeiro, he/she participated in the exhibitions of the national Salon, where in 1935 obtained the silver medal for his work "or operator". In the same year he/she painted the canvas "Composition", with such a deployment of freedom in the structure and pictorial figuration, which was as a typical example of the modernist avant-garde carioca.

As critic and promoter of artistic expression contributed from 1925 the newspaper A reaction as a columnist. Between 1935 and 1940 he/she directed the first Brazil publication dedicated exclusively to the fine arts, which he/she founded. It also highlights their active participation in the creation of a modern Division in the national Hall. For 40 years, he/she wrote every day for the Diários Associados, and maintained until the last decade of his life a criticism page in the Jornal de lyrics.

As for his teaching, Quirino Campofiorito created and directed a school of fine arts in Araraquara in 1935. Served as a Professor of artistic design in the course of architecture (1938-1949) and decorative composition (1949-1969) at the ENBA (National School of fine arts), where he/she managed the courses are delivered in xylography and choreography. In 1969 it was ceased from his post of Professor by the military dictatorship, as well as other renowned teachers. With the return of democracy in 1981 it was revived in his teaching post, receiving the title of Professor Emeritus of the ENBA. In the period that could not exercise as a teacher, he/she resumed painting, doing his paintings called "Homenagens".

A year before his death, in 1992, the Prefecture of Niteroi, honoured you with a large retrospective of his artistic production at the National Museum of fine arts, shows that then was moved to Niterói, where Quirino Campofiorito lived and worked since the 1920s and city where he/she died in September 1993