American writer, born in New Orleans on September 30, 1924 and died in Los Angeles on August 15, 1984, whose production has enshrined him as one of the leaders of the neorromantica School of the South. His real name was Truman Strekfas Persons, but is best known internationally for his literary pseudonym, Truman Capote.
Son of divorced parents, Capote had to be educated by various relatives and spent most of his childhood in accompanied by four elderly Alabama. From a very child began to collect written descriptions of everything that surrounded him. He studied at the Trinity School and the St. John's Academy of New York. At the age of 17 published him, for the first time, one of his short stories. After different jobs, including that of dancer in a river and runner boat radio scripts, entered in The New Yorker magazine to occupy a place in their offices.
He had already published in several newspapers, when at the age of 19 won the O'henry Award with a story entitled "Miriam". In 1943 began in the world of the novel with Summer crossing, which was not published until 2005; Capote has always had it hidden in a drawer because it considered it mediocre. He became famous after the publication in 1948 of the novel Other voices, other rooms (other voices, other areas, 1970), written at the age of twenty-three and no doubt looking autobiographical; It is one of the first novels that openly describes male homosexuality. It was followed by trials Observations (1949) and Local colour (1950), and in 1951 The comedy grass harp (harp of grass, 1980), as well as the collection of tales published in 1949 with the title Tree of nihgt (tree of night, 2000), which included the story "Miriam".
In these early works Truman Capote already showed himself as a skillful storyteller capable of combining the grotesque and the fantastic, humor and horror. Capote articles, published in the most prestigious, such as The New Yorker, Story, Vogue or Theater Arts magazines, dazzle by aquenos years between the New York intelligentsia. More and more linked with the world of cinema, in 1954 he collaborated in the scenery of the film the devil taunt. That same year would be seriously affected for ever after the suicide of his mother, unable to cope with its economic problems; Capote wrote in a letter to a friend: "wouldn't have died. I had money. "."
In 1956 he published The Duke in His Domain (the Duke in his domain), depicting the figure of actor Marlon Brando, including his alleged homosexual encounters and the alcoholism of his mother, which earned him a suit for libel; Capote had met the actor during his stay in Kiota, accompanied by Cecil Beaton, during the filming of the movie Sayonara (1957).
In 1954 he published The muses are heard (the muses are heard), a book of little impact but that Capote considered one of his best works. It is a compilation of articles, published previously in The New Yorker, describing the adventures of an American dramatic company in the USSR. Five years later, reached bookstores one of their biggest hits, the Novella breakfast at Tiffany's (Breakfast at Tiffany, 1958), which can be considered a parenthesis within its Baroque style, amazed and blend of reality and fiction; Breakfast at Tiffany was made into a film with tremendous success by Blake Edwards in 1961, he created one of the most delicious comedies in the history of the cinema, with Audrey Hepburn in the role of the crazy young protagonist.
Capote opened in 1966 with In cold blood (in cold blood, 1972), a new narrative genre, the novela-documento, or "novel of nonfiction". Journalistic style, the novel is a faithful account of the multiple murder of the Clutter family and the lives of the killers, as well as an in-depth study of the American Society of those years. The idea for the book came on November 16, 1959, when Capote read in The New York times the news of the murder of the Cutter and decided to investigate the case, interviewing residents of the protagonists and even own assassins, which lasted for six years. The book made him one of the most popular and successful of their country; the most outstanding personalities of the show and finance attended the launch party for the novel, held at the Manhattan Plaza hotel and considered by many as the party of the Decade. In cold blood was also carried to film, this time by Richard Brooks in 1967.
In the production of Truman Capote are frequently those sexual ghosts, always repulsive and evil to the Puritan and well-intended American society. In 1980 he published music for chameleons (Music for chamäleons), which is placed between the narrative, the story and the story. In this work the author was defined with these words: "I am an alcoholic. I am a drug addict. I am homosexual. I am a genius. "."
Other works are: the guest of the day of Thanksgiving (1969), the screenplay for the musical House of flowers (1954) and attended prayers (Answered prayers), novel which was working at the time of his death and published posthumously. In terms of its relationship to cinema, he also wrote scripts for John Huston and Italian director Vittorio De Sica.
Eternal Tracker of the "perfect work, Capote never managed to win neither the Pulitzer and the National Book Award, but was awarded the prize on two occasions O'henry for stories and was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters."
In 2004 Random House published The complete stories of Truman Capote, a compilation of all the stories written by Capote that included one previously unreleased: "The Bargain". In 2005 Garald Clarke, the "official biographer" of Capote published a volume of more than seven hundred pages containing the letters of the author: Too brief a treat (a fleeting pleasure, 2006). Also in 2005 premiered in the United States the film Capote, which turned up a huge interest in the author of New Orleans; What is rounded off with the appearance of a fleeting pleasure, a book which contains your complete correspondence.