Biography of Claudia Cardinale (1939-VVVV)

Actress film Italian, of Tunisian origin, born in Tunisia on April 15, 1939, whose full name is Claudia Josefina Rosa Cardinale.

Life

It is one of the great actresses in the history of Italian cinema, whose beginnings in the world of the spectacle are marked by their extraordinary beauty. With only seventeen wins a beauty contest and decides to move to Rome, where he studied acting at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia. There it comes in contact with the Italian film industry and begins to play small roles. His film debut in 1956 with a fleeting appearance in the French film Anneux d'Or, which was followed by a series of films which include Rufufú (1958), of Mario Monicelli.

Meet the producer Franco Cristaldi and signs a contract exclusively for your company. The following year they marry and in 1959 are parents of a daughter. His work in film as an actress are increasingly frequent. Its first role protagonist arrives in one of the best-known films from his first work, the girl with a suitcase (1960), Valerio Zurlini. The success and quality of its interpretations allow you to transcend the secondary roles he has played up to then and give you the opportunity to work with great directors.

His magnificent performance in the work of Zurlini opens the doors of Italian cinema and makes that it is known as an actress. Luchino Visconti, director fundamental career, is fixed in it and requires it to his first masterpiece and one of the great films in the history of cinema, Rocco and his brothers (1960). Strongly controversy in its time, is forbidden in some cities such as Milan - where is set - and suffered numerous cuts by censorship. Halfway between the first neo-realism and the majestic and melodramatic operas film that he would later roll Visconti, Rocco and siblings - which tells the ascension of two brothers from opposing personalities, Boxer Simone and Rocco (played by Renato Salvatori and Frenchman Alain Delon), members of a family in the South who migrates to the industrious North in search of a chance - marks a breaking point not only to the career of the director but to the path of the actress and even the Italian cinema in general.

Another fundamental principals for the evolution of the film personality of Claudia Cardinale is Federico Fellini, which works only in a film, Fellini, eight and half (1962), film that has so successfully giving a radical turn to his acting career and has become an international star. The more autobiographical and, paradoxically, the most imitated works of Fellini - in which Marcello Mastroianni is the alter ego of the director and Claudia Cardinale gives life to the angelica incarnation and almost the feminine ideal of Fellini-metaphysics, focuses on the world of the cinema from a dream-like dimension. It is, without a doubt, one of the best films in the history of cinema. With her Italian director obtains his third Oscar of the Academy to the best foreign language film, and the composer Nino Rota, common in the work of Fellini, composed one of his best soundtracks.

Claudia Cardinale has become one of the biggest stars of the Italian cinema of the 1960s. In his next work, the Leopard (1962), again met Luchino Visconti in the adaptation of the novel by Giuseppe Tomasi of Lampedusa, published in 1959, one of the greatest novels of the century Italian. Everything in the Leopard is outstanding: Giusppe Rotunno Technicolor photography joins the richness of the costumes Piero Tosi and the artistic direction of Laudomia Hercolani and Giorgio Pes. His ambitious production and its broad budget allow Visconti count in the deal with three of the biggest stars of the time, the American Burt Lancaster, Frenchman Alain Delon and Claudia Cardinale. The spirit of the novel, faithfully portrayed by Visconti in the film, has been captured in the famous phrase of the Prince don Fabrizio: "it is necessary that something changes so that everything remains the same". The Leopard, will receive the Golden Palm of the Cannes film festival and hold more if possible stardom to Claudia Cardinale.

The following year gets Prize from the Italian critics for best actress for her work in girl of the Bube (1963), by Luigi Comencini. It begins to be listed internationally, allowing you to roll under the orders of great directors as Henry Hathaway in the fabulous world of the circus (1964) and Blake Edwards in the Pink Panther (1964). After his separation from Franco Cristaldi marries for the second time the actor Andy Williams. He started to work more and more frequently in American cinema without abandoning his career in Italy.

His American works include the western the professionals (1966) by Richard Brooks, where it gives life a revolutionary angry that crosses the path of mercenaries to which the title refers. Another of his most prominent American works and which demonstrates its enormous versatility is a comedy pop influence, entitled not make waves (1967), the British Alexander Mackendrick, where he shares cartel with Tony Curtis. However, his great RAID in the western film is until it reached its time (1968), Sergio Leone, written by a young Dario Argento and Bernardo Bertolucci, film which has the birth of the United States through the construction of the railway, and in which Claudia Cardinale plays the prostitute Jill.

Since the seventies, and after his marriage to the Italian director Pasquale Squittieri reduced his appearances on the big screen and just starred in films outside Europe. Back to coincide with Visconti in confidences (1974). Again receives the award from Italian critics to the best interpretation of cast for his appearance on the skin (1981), adaptation directed by Liliana Cavani from the novel by Curzio Malaparte set during the American landing in Italy, ending with the second world war. Among his last appearances in film was powerfully Fitzcarraldo (1982), an epic directed by Werner Herzog and starring Klaus Kisnki on the construction of a theater of opera in the Amazon jungle.

In February 2002 he received at the Berlin Film Festival Golden bear to the whole of his career.

Claudia Cardinale has written an autobiography, Moi Claudia, Toi Claudia. In 2005, he published a book in French, month Etoiles, which has its personal and professional relationships with many of her directors and fellow cast during its 50 years dedicated to the world of the spectacle.  In 2009, he presented another book, my Tunisia, where recounts and illustrated with photographs, his childhood and youth in his native Tunisia.

Filmography

1957: Goha.1958: Toto e Marcelino; Rufufú; Tre stranieri to Rome; Les noces venitiennes. 1959: Mischievous maid; A damn mess; Rufufú gives the coup; The magistrate; Wind from the South. 1960: The girl with the suitcase; Austerlitz; Rocco and his brothers; Corrupted youth; The viaccia. 1961: The beautiful Antonio; The Lions are on the loose; Cartouche; Senility. 1962: Fellini 8 1/2; The Leopard. 1963: The girl of the Bube; The indifferent ones. 1964: La pantera rosa; Sandra; The magnificent Cuckold; The fabulous world of the circus. 1965: A rose for everyone. 1966: The four witches; Secret mission; Lost control; Professionals. 1967: Don't make waves; The day of the OWL. 1968: Pretty, hot and dangerous; The heores are dead; Its time; The Red store. 1969: The adventures of Gerard; Nell'anno del signore; Certo, certissimo, anzi likely. 1970: The audience; Popsy Pop against Papillon. 1971: Bello, honest, emigrated to Australia, wants to marry untouched girl; The oil companies. 1972: Days of rage; The clan of the marseillais. 1973: Freedom, my love; Blood brothers. 1974: The round of pleasure; Confidences. 1975: Quote at the end of the road; Il comune senso. 1977: Power and corruption; The force of silence; 1978: Athena evasion; Double Agent; The petite fille in voleurs bleu; Corleone. 1979: L' weapon. 1980: If salvi chi vuole. 1981: The skin; The Red salamander. 1982: Fitzcarraldo; The gift. 1983: Le ruffian. 1984: Caretta; L' été prochain. 1985: La donna delle meraviglie. 1986: la Storia. 1988: Blu elettrico. 1990: The battle of the three kings. 1991: Atto di dolore; Mayrig/588 rue Paradis. 1992: The son of the Pink Panther. 1993: Elles ne pense qu' à ca. 1995: A summer in la Goulette; Nostromo. 1997: The desert of fire. 1999: My intimate enemy.

Bibliography

GASCA, Luis. The stars. Editions Urbion, 1982.

PASSEK, Jean-Luc, et to the. Dictionary of cinema. Librairie Larousse, 1986. Spanish version of Miguel Urabayen Cascante. [Madrid: Rialp, 1991].