Biography of King of los francos Carlos II (823-877)

Emperor of the West and King of the Franks, known as Carlos the bald, born 13 June 823 in Frankfurt-Main and died 6 October 877 in Avrieux. He/She held the Frank throne among the 843 and the 877; and the imperial throne between the 875 and the 877. He/She was son of Louis the pious and his second wife, the beautiful Judith of Bavaria, which Ludovico had contracted marriage in February of the 819, after being a widower. With his first wife, Ermengarde, Ludovico had three sons: Lothair, Pepin, and Luis. He/She was the grandson of Charlemagne.

According to the imperial order of the 817, the dignity of the Emperor should be hereditary and relapse to the eldest son, Lothair. Children gained, as subordinates of the Emperor, Government of the kingdoms of Aquitaine, Pepin and Bavaria for Luis the Germanic. In the year 829 Ludovico created the Kingdom of Germany (Alsace, Reece, the country of the Alamanni and part of Burgundy) to leave it in inheritance to Carlos. This prompted the anger of the other three brothers that acaudillaron a series of revolts among the 830 and the 833. A process occurred in the 833 Rathfeld whereby Ludovico was dethroned and dispossessed Carlos. Later, Luis and Pepin, fearful of increasing the power of his brother Lotario, returned the Crown to his father. Of all these family conflicts the great beneficiary was Carlos as their hereditary rights were becoming more settled.

In 840, the death of Ludovico, this divided their States between lothario, Luis and Carlos, the last ruler of Aquitaine from the year 838 which Pepin had died. The death of Pepin had provoked a new deal in which Luis the Germanic was disinherited, to be subsequently forgiven by Ludovico. The great empire created by Charlemagne, it was clear that he/she was destined to disappear, given the impossibility of understanding of his heirs. Gone Ludovico, Lothair claimed not only sovereignty over the territories which they had been assigned in the cast, but over all the kingdoms and provinces ruled by his brothers. The first confrontation occurred between Lothair and Carlos, when the first invaded the territory of the second party, but due to the scarcity of media of both the war still did not take place. Then lothario attacked Luis the Germanic, what did see this need to ally themselves with Carlos Calvo to face the common enemy.

On 25 June the year 842 Carlos and Luis were victorious at the battle of Fontenoy, although lothario soon recovered and threw on Carlos. Carlos Calvo and Luis the Germanic signed the 14 February 842 known as oaths of Strasbourg, the oldest document preserved written in old French and German. With this renewed partnership, the United army of two brothers reached Aachen, the imperial headquarters. The Church of Aachen recognized then Carlos and Luis as good Kings at the time that deslegitimaba to Lothair.

Despite these defeats lothario remained a powerful King by what could put pressure on their brethren to sign all three, the name Treaty of Verdun of 843, by which the Carolingian Empire was divided was divided into three kingdoms: the central for lothario, which comprised the territories of Italy and Lorraine, where the major imperial cities were andIn addition, it was accompanied by the imperial title; for Luis, the Germanic East, occupying Germania; and the Western for Carlos bald comprising France. From this moment the three kings adopted the title of reges Francorum.

Despite agreements infighting did not cease. On 9 September the 869 Carlos el Calvo was proclaimed King of Lotharingia at the time which was distributed with Luis the territory of Lorraine. In 875, after the death of Luis II, son of Lothair; Carlos the bald was crowned Emperor of the Romans and King of Italy by Pope Juan VIII; December 25 was chosen as the solemn date for the coronation. Carlos was, without a doubt, the best of the possible candidates, hand their inheritance rights were unquestionable and secondly, Carlos was a cult, pious, good military man and had a long experience in the exercise of power; but all this did not prevent his nephews are thrown upon him in search of power.

In the summer of the 876 Carlos the bald summoned a Council of all the Bishops of Gaul in order to secure his appointment as emperor. There he/she exhibited their desire to unify the Empire that his grandfather creates, but they never could become a reality both by internal pressures, as the external and the advanced age of the emperor.

In the year 877 the Saracens attacked Italy, forcing Carlos to pick up arms in defense of the papacy and the capital of Christianity. Luis the stutterer, his son, it was left as Regent. When it was already in Italy he/she received the news of an uprising of the French nobles, the causes thereof have not been never clear, but could be motivated by the Regency of Luis. Carlos Calvo undertook the return, but did not suppress the uprising since he/she died on October 6 of the 877 in Avrieux.