Biography of Mario Carreño (1913-1999)

Chilean painter born in 1913 and died in Santiago de Chile, Chile on December 20, 1999. In 1930 he/she made his first individual exhibition in the Gallery Room Merás y Rico, in Havana. It consisted of large drawings of charcoal and pastels. As a result of the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado was forced to emigrate to Spain. He/She settled in Madrid, where he/she met Lorca and Alberti. In 1936 he/she traveled to Mexico to meet the Mexican muralist movement. There he/she had contact with Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, Rufino Tamayo and Frida Kahlo. He/She traveled to Paris in 1937, where he/she studied at the Julien Academy with Professor Jean Souverbie and learned the technique of fresco at the École des Arts Appliqués. In 1939 he/she made an exhibition of oil paintings in the Parisian Gallery Berhein-Jeune. A year later he/she went to live in New York and in 1941 exhibited in Gallery Klaus Perls, where he/she earned his first victory. He/She married in Mexico in 1942 Mª Luisa Gómez Mena. Exhibited in Chile in the room of the Pacific of Santiago (1948) and a year later in Argentina Bonino Gallery. During his stay in the United States (1950) was influenced by the abstract painting by Pollack, Albers, Monholy-Nagy and Mondrian. Later, took art courses at the Cuban School of San Alejandro, until the overthrow of the Government of President Prio Socarras by Fulgencio Batista. He/She participated in the shipment of Cuban Painters at the II Bienal de Arte de Sao Paulo (1952). Four years later, Luis Oyarzún, director of the Department of art of the University of Chile, offered a contract by two years to conduct courses on "The evolution of contemporary art". In 1957 he/she arrived to Valparaiso, where carried out its first art courses at the Universidad Santa María, and later, began a cycle of courses on "The evolution of contemporary art" at the Universidad de Concepción. He/She was also invited to collaborate in the Organization of the art school of the Catholic University. Thereafter, and for twenty years, began its work in this school as a teacher of painting and history of Latin American painting. He/She received the art criticism of the Critics Circle Award. He/She was, also, Professor of Color in the school of architecture. In 1961 he/she painted a mural at the colegio San Ignacio in the Casino of Viña del Mar. The following year he/she traveled to France, exhibited in Hantefeville Gallery and participated in the exhibition l'art Latin Americain, at the Museum of modern art in Paris. In 1965 he/she exhibited at Gallery Carmen Waugh his series "A world petrified", and three years later replaced the critic of art Antonio Romera in the section of art of mercury, signed with the pseudonym Jorge Vasari. In 1969 was awarded the Chilean nationality, although in 1976 it is almost expelled from the country by Decree of the Ministry of the Interior, for being suspected of hiding weapons. He/She received the national prize of art in 1982 in recognition of artistic work in the country.

Bibliography

BINDIS, RICARDO - La Pintura chilena from Gil de Castro to the present day. Santiago de Chile, Chilean Phillips editions. S.A., 1984.

CARREÑO, MARIO - chronology of the memory. Santiago de Chile, Editorial Antarctica. S.A., 1991.

IVELIC, MILAN & GALAZ, GASPAR - painting in Chile: from the colony until 1981. Ed. Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.

Chile art today. Ed. Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.

ERNESTO, SAUL - 20 Visual Arts years 1970-1990. Santiago of Chile, Ministry of education, 1991.

Mario Carreño. Santiago de Chile, Ediciones image gallery, 1976.