Biography of Juan José Carrera Verdugo (1782-1818)

Military and Chilean politician, born in Santiago de Chile in 1782 and died in Mendoza (Argentina) in 1818. He/She was the son of Ignacio de la Carrera and Paula Verdugo and Valdivieso.

He studied in Santiago and decided to follow the military career. His brothers took part in the independence of Chile (see Chile: history, colonial era) and in 1810 was appointed sergeant major of the battalion of grenadiers of Chile. Carrera Verdugo brothers had a prominent role in military operations, which helped them to have great political influence in the turbulent times of independence.

He collaborated with his brother Luis in the coups of 1811 that led to power his other brother José Miguel. At the end of March 1813, Juan José was named Chairman of the Board representative of the sovereignty in the Government of his brother.

During the war of independence, Juan José took part in the important battles of Yerbas Buenas and San Carlos, as well as the frustrated site of Chillán. In September 1814, during the last campaign of the old homeland, its forces were forced to retreat by advancing to the general Mariano Osorio on the Cachapoal River. Juan José Carrera Verdugo then departed along with Bernardo O'Higgins, towards the city of Rancagua (see: Battle of Rancagua). There, the pro-independence forces endured during two days the siege of realistic armies, until they were finally forced to retire.

After the flight of Rancagua, Juan José, together with his brother Luis, fled to Argentina, taking refuge in Mendoza. From this city, the two brothers supported their other brother, José Miguel, in the dispute holding up against the Governor of the province, José de San Martín. After the triumph of San Martín, the three brothers race departed for Buenos Aires, where continued plotting against the liberator and O'Higgins. It was in Buenos Aires where Luis killed in a duel, one of the closest collaborators of O'Higgins, which accentuated the feud between the brothers race and the Chilean libertador. Finally, the conspiracy of the race activities were discovered and the three brothers had to flee again. Juan José was captured in the city of San Luis (Argentina), from where he/she was taken to Mendoza, city in which his brother Luis had been captured. The two were tried together and found guilty of treason, sentenced to death. The sentence was executed in 1818 by the firing squad.

Bibliography

COLLIER, S. "Chile", in Leslie Bethell Ed., history of Latin America, Vol. 6, Barcelona, 1991.

LUCENA SALMORAL, Manuel, et al.: history of Latin America. Contemporary history, Madrid, 1988.

VILLALOBOS, S. et to the. History of Chile. Santiago, Editorial Universitaria, 1980.