Biography of Santiago Carrillo (1915-2012)

Santiago Carrillo.

Spanish politician, born in Gijón on January 18, 1915 and died in Madrid on September 18, 2012. Historic leader of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE).

He lived in Gijón until 1924 when his family moved to Madrid. Already as a child he/she was close to the world of politics as his father, Wenceslao, he/she directed the General Union of workers (UGT) and the Socialist Labor Spanish party (PSOE) while working as a smelter.

When he/she came to Madrid he/she studied elementary in a school run by the Institución Libre de Enseñanza. Due to the lack of economic resources of his family, he/she saw required to work in a printing press and to abandon his academic education. It is affiliated to the UGT and the youth Socialists (JJSS), of which he/she was Secretary of minutes of the Executive Committee in 1932 and Secretary general in 1934. In the second Republic began his journalistic work in the Socialist, where spent drafting the municipal Chronicle to parliamentary information.

In 1934 he/she travelled to the USSR, where he/she studied together with the leaders of the Comintern, the party resulting from the union of the youth Communists and Socialists. This trip was that determined their political vision and one of the causes why in 1936 was affiliated to the Communist Party. That same year he/she was appointed general Secretary of the Unified Socialist Youth and Minister of public order of the Defense Board of Madrid.

During the war, Carrillo broke the relationship with his father due to the intervention of the latter married coup. Just before this fact was exiled to France, where he/she continued to work for the Communist Party of Spain and in 1942 was appointed member of the Bureau of the same (which already was acting since 1937).

In 1956 he/she entered the Executive of the party along with Claudin and Ignacio Gallego, changing all the strategy of the party. This new tactic consisted of the peaceful general strike as a form of struggle and awareness of the working class. In 1960, following the resignation of Dolores Ibárruri, he/she was elected general Secretary of the PCE in the 6th Congress of the PCE. In 1974, he/she participated in the Foundation in Paris from the Democratic Assembly, composed of a group of intellectuals and Spanish politicians who were against the Franco dictatorship.

Santiago Carrillo, along with other members of the democratic meeting in Paris.

In 1976, he/she decided to return from exile, being imprisoned to be discovered in a clandestine meeting. As a result of protests after his arrest, he/she was released and accelerated the process of democratization in his party, legalized in 1977. This fact helped him to be elected member of Parliament. He/She was general Secretary of the PCE until 1982, year in which resigned because of a crisis in the bosom of the party, whose last gasp was the dismal result obtained in the elections, in which only got 5 deputies and 3.8% 25 of the vote. In 1985, he/she left the party of the workers of Spain to found, later, central Committee. He/She is the author of works as a future for Spain, freedom and socialism, Eurocommunism and the State, is communism dead?.

In 2002, Fernando Abril Martorell received the award for his "decisive contribution to the democratic transition and the construction of the constitutional consensus". On October 20, 2005 was invested doctor honoris causa by the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. January 17, 2008 he/she was awarded the Sabino Arana Foundation, for "its contribution to the restoration of democracy" in Spain after Franco's dictatorship. In December 2008, he/she was awarded the Medal of merit of the work.

In 1993, he/she presented his memoirs and ten years later published memory pieces. In 2008 he/she released the tension in Spain. From the Civil War to present day and Dolores Ibárruri. Passiflora, a force of nature. On April 6, 2010 presented the old comrades. January 18, 2011, on your 96 birthday, he/she presented a new book the difficult reconciliation of the Spaniards. In addition, it was usual in the opinion of the country pages and participated in a political gathering in the program window of the cadena SER.

On September 18, 2012, at the age of 97, Santiago Carrillo died at his home in Madrid, during the NAP; two months before he/she was admitted two days in a Madrid hospital due to a blood circulation problem.

Santiago Carrillo was married to Carmen Menéndez and had three sons: Santiago, Jorge and José, the latter was elected rector of the Complutense University in April 2011.

Santiago Carrillo, original voice.