Biography of José Carvajal y Lancaster (1698-1754)

Statesman and a Spanish diplomat, born in Cáceres 19 March 1698 and died in Madrid April 8, 1754. He was descended from illustrious lineage, part Portuguese, his maternal grandfather was the Duke of Abrantes, while his paternal grandfather was the Duke of Linares. It belonged to a family devoted to public affairs. His brother, heir to the Duke of Abrantes, was lieutenant general, while the one who received the Marquis of Sarria also followed military career. Two other siblings followed religious life, as well as some sisters; José remained unmarried. I sick of reserved and loving character of reading, went into the business of State under the protection of the reforming Minister of Felipe V, José Patiño. After representing Spain at the diet of Frankfurt, the Ministry of State served the posts of Counsellor of the Indies and since 1746. Connoisseur of the Richelieu and Colbert works, its foreign objectives made their way to achieve a climate of neutrality, which considered a condition for the reconstruction of the power of the monarchy. Although traditionally intended that his politics and personality were opposed to the Marquis of the Ensenada, different in origin, formation and tastes to our character, both actually were a dynamic team of Ministers that complemented without difficulty. Carvajal Anglophile or francophile's Cove should be tinged, since neither of them is trust of English or French. Among the most prominent events of the Carvajal Ministry must remember the signing of a Concordat with the Holy See and of the Treaty of Madrid in 1750 with the Portuguese Crown, which was intended to establish a definitive border of the respective domains in America and Asia. This Treaty, cancelled by the agreement of El Pardo in 1761, resulted in two expeditions of limits to America. Carvajal also had an important role as protector of the arts and the sciences, as he promoted the Foundation of the Royal Academy of fine arts of San Fernando and a botanical garden in Madrid, history of the current one, which was located in the Soto de Migas Calientes. Finally, we must remember that Carvajal was an important writer interested in the evils of the monarchy. Plus a host of reports and memorials, are important the political testament (1745), my thoughts (1753) and the representation of 1752, which was published in 1787.