Czechoslovakian gymnast, born in Prague on May 3, 1942, considered one of the great figures of the world of gymnastics, who was Olympic champion.
He started in the sport through dance and figure skating, and was trained by the Olympic athlete Eva Bosáková, with such good results that at the age of sixteen, Cáslavská was part of the national team. In 1958 he/she made a prominent role in the world of Moscow and, a year later, at the European Championships, held in Krakow, won its first gold medal, which made her the favourite for the Olympic Games in Rome, where was his team stood in second place. Then came the Olympics of Tokyo 64, where Cáslavská dethroned the Soviet champion Larissa Latynina of the first post of the general and also got gold in jumping and balance bar, and the silver team.
His last Olympic participation took place in Mexico, in 1968; again won individual golds in the colt, in parallel and in soil, so his collection of medals increased to eleven (seven gold and four silver) and his team stood in second place for the third consecutive time, behind the invincible Soviet.
Its popularity, which had earned him the nickname of "the bride of Mexico", grew even more when he/she got married in the Cathedral of Mexico City with a teammate, the corridor of 1,500 José Odlozil, which separated shortly after. His return home was overshadowed by the invasion of the Soviet army, which had occupied Prague in the month of may; to this was added the fact that he/she had not shown any respect to hear the Soviet anthem during the medals ceremony, reason enough for the Communist regime kept the marriage in the most absolute ostracism for twenty years.
In 1990, with the newcomer democratic Government was appointed President of the Czechoslovakian three years later, Olympic Committee as a result of the separation of the two independent States, the Czech Olympic Committee. In 1995 he/she was elected member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and a year later appointed to the Presidency of the Czech Olympic Committee, but he/she refused to accept it.
WALLECHINSKY, David - The complete book of the Summer Olympics. (Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1996).